# Meltdown: The Predictable Distortion of Global Warming by Scientists, Politicians, and the Media

By Patrick J. Michaels | Go to book overview

1
Foreword

Everyone says the way not to begin a book is with an equation. But the book you are about to read is going to upset a lot of other common perceptions: facts about climate change, the nature of science and scientists, and the culture that surrounds what everyone seems to think is “the most important environmental issue of our time”: global warming. In January 2004, David King, science adviser to British Prime Minister Tony Blair, stated that climate change was a far worse threat to the world than terrorism. Months earlier, Sir John Houghton, head of the prestigious United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), said precisely the same.

What this equation means is that human beings have the ability to change the temperature of the surface of the earth. The Energy Balance Equation is in fact simple, though it may look unfamiliar.

S is the amount of energy we receive from the sun. It's divided by four because the earth is a sphere and, as a whole, only one fourth receives the equivalent of direct illumination. Anyone older than thirty was taught in basic science that S is constant, as far as the earth's temperature is concerned. That was wrong. We know now that S varies, and it changes the surface temperature plus or minus about 1°C (1.8°F) on the order of millennia. Humans have no control over that.

α is the amount of energy that is reflected away by the earth. Fresh snow, for example, reflects 90 percent. Because most year-toyear climate variability is a result of changes in winter temperatures, rather than summer ones, warming up the planet a bit could have a big effect on standing snow cover. Subtracting the reflectivity from 1(1−α) yields the amount of energy that is absorbed by the earth. Human beings can change that amount in several ways: clearing a forest, building a city, farming, or burning anything with trace

-1-

If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

#### Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.
Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.
Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
• Saved book/article
• Highlights
• Quotes/citations
• Notes
• Bookmarks
Notes

#### Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

#### Cited page

Meltdown: The Predictable Distortion of Global Warming by Scientists, Politicians, and the Media

• Title Page *
• Contents *
• Epigraph vii
• 1 - Foreword 1
• 2 - An Introduction to Global Warming 9
• 3 - Meltdown? the Truth About Icecaps 33
• 4 - All Creatures Cute and Furry 73
• 5 - Spin Cycle: Hurricanes, Tornadoes, and Other Cyclones 111
• 6 - Droughts and Floods: Worse and Worse? 127
• 7 - A Greener World of Changing Seasons? 163
• 8 - Global Warming, Disease, and Death 179
• 9 - No Fact Checks, Please! 195
• 10 - The “national Assessment” Disaster 207
• 11 - The Predictable Distortion of Global Warming 221
• 12 - Breaking the Cycle 237
• Afterword - Composite Campaign Speech on Global Warming 243
• References 249
• Index 255
• Cato Institute *
Settings

#### Settings

Typeface
Text size Reset View mode
Search within

Look up

#### Look up a word

• Dictionary
• Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 271

### How to highlight and cite specific passages

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

## Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

## Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.