Analysis of a Mass Crime
Ethnic Cleansing in the Former Yugoslavia, 1991–1999
We know it: Man is reasonable. But what about men?
Since Raphael Lemkin's pioneer work,1 several scholars have published comparative studies on genocides. The works of Leo Kuper,2 Helen Fein,3 Frank Chalk and Kurt Jonassohn4 are among the best known. However, they have not been able to agree on a definition of the concept of genocide. Researchers go from a sweeping approach–such as the one favored by the Encyclopedia of Genocide5–to a more restricted one, based on the United Nations 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, favored by Ben Kiernan, the founder of the Genocide Studies Program at Yale University.6
Considering that the UN definition is both too narrow and too restrictive, other scholars have introduced new terminology, such as “politicide”7 or “democide.”8 The 1990s saw a growing number of comparative studies on “massacres” that distanced themselves from former studies on genocides: among them, the works of Brenda Uekert,9 Denis Crouzet,10 Mark____________________