A Model of Empirical Research
|•||Generalizing from the Model|
Chapter 1 points out that decision making in organizations is typically based on expected causal relationships. For example, a decision is made to establish goals for teachers with the expectation that these goals influence teachers' behaviors and subsequently influence students' academic achievement.
Chapter 2 develops a model that explicates such causal relationships and shows how empirical research contributes to causal understanding. Master the model in this chapter, and you will see research questions just as practicing researchers see them. The model will also help you understand researchers' frames of reference when you read research reports. Most important, the