George P. Hollenbeck
Morgan W. McCall Jr.
“There are almost as many definitions of leadership as there are
persons who have attempted to define the concept.” So wrote
Ralph Stogdill only a little more than twenty years ago in his classic review of the leadership literature (1974, p. 259). In 1998 we
might be tempted to nod in agreement—certainly the many authors on leadership in these last two decades seemed compelled to
provide their own definitions—but agreement would indicate ignorance of the dramatic changes in our views of leadership in organizations and how leadership development takes place.In this chapter, we take a brief look at twenty years ago and then
examine leadership development today, focusing on content, methods, learner, and context, with some conclusions and predictions.
Memories of the Past
Just how long ago 1977 was can be seen if we remember some of
the events of that year:
|• ||Jimmy Carter was inaugurated as president of the United
|• ||Elvis died, as did Charlie Chaplin and Bing Crosby.|
|• ||The Apple II computer (Steve Jobs's “bicycle of the mind”)