Who Speaks for Wales? Nation, Culture, Identity

By Raymond Williams; Daniel Williams | Go to book overview

NOTES ON THE TEXTS
Culture

Who Speaks for Wales?
1
Ned Thomas (1936–). Critic and editor. The Welsh Extremist sought to explain and justify the struggle to defend the Welsh language in the terms of the New Left. For a critique of Thomas's argument and view of Wales, see Dai Smith, Wales: A Question for History (Bridgend: Seren, 1999), 44–6.
2
For discussion and analysis of the role of the Welsh in the Labour Party see Duncan Tanner, Chris Williams and Deian Hopkin (eds.), The Labour Party in Wales (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2001).
3
Plaid Cymru (lit. and, since 1998, officially 'The Party of Wales'). Founded in 1925 it was first known as Plaid Genedlaethol Cymru ('The National Party of Wales'). The party's history can be traced in D. Hywel Davies, The Welsh Nationalist Party 1925–1945 (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1983) and Laura McAllister, Plaid Cymru: The Emergence of a Political Party 1945–2001 (Bridgend: Seren, 2001). Laura McAllister describes Williams, along with Saunders Lewis and D. J. Davies, as one of the 'three key thinkers' in Plaid Cymru's development (Plaid Cymru, 55–9). Williams notes that he joined the party for 'a year or two' in 'Decentralism and the Politics of Place', 206.
4
The Welsh Language Society, usually known by its Welsh title, Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg, was set up in 1962 largely as a response to the attempt by Plaid Cymru to widen its electoral base by moving away from its linguistic, culturalist roots, and to a growing sense of the terminal crisis faced by Welsh-speaking communities as highlighted by Saunders Lewis in his 1962 lecture Tynged yr Iaith ('The fate of the language'). The movement embarked on a continuing programme of civil disobedience. The society's

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