NEW ENGLAND IN THE EIGHTEEN FIFTIES
IT may prove interesting before we thrust deeper into this problem, to visualize the general conditions of the New England of the mid-Nineteenth Century.
The American Statistical Annual of 1854 gives us a charming inlook. Taking the states up one by one it describes the physical characteristics of the country, gives glimpses of the history, provides some interesting figures as to population, and industries, and quotes pleasingly from the inaugurals of state executives. Thus we learn--that Maine "has a flat and sandy coast, and that the interior is pleasantly varied with hill and valley, with outshoots from the White Mountains on the Northeast." We learn that the state is well watered, and that its principal industry is the dressing and exportation of timber. An upstanding fact is that there were only 87 prisoners in state institutions under date of April 30, 1851. The percentage of increase in population had been greatest between 1790 and 1800--57.16%, and, curiously