The Cambridge Companion to Martin Luther

By Donald K. McKim | Go to book overview

Perhaps the most notable Luther disciple and critic in the nineteenth century was the Dane Sören Kierkegaard whose own legacy, however, lay not so much in his own time as in posterity, especially in twentieth-century Neo-Orthodoxy. 20 Kierkegaard combined a deep appreciation for Luther, expressed, for example, in his statement“Oh, Luther is, after all, the master of all masters” with increasingcriticism of the reformer that matched, in its intensity, the most strident comments levied in the sixteenth century.

When Europeans emigrated to North America in the course of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, a notable portion were Lutherans from Scandinavia and Germany. They brought their Lutheran faith with them and the churches they established not only used the Swedish, Finnish, Norwegian, or German vernacular, but were also organized in ethnic synods. Not until the twentieth century did a series of mergers bring about Lutheran ecclesiastical bodies in the United States that transcended the various European ethnic backgrounds.


Notse
1
WA 188/x, viii, 685.
2
WA 50, 657.
3
The literature on the historical legacy of Martin Luther is extensive. I cite the most important publications: Horst Stephan, Luther in den Wandlungen seiner Kirche. 2nd edn. (Berlin: Töpelmann, 1951); Ernst Walter Zeeden, Martin Luther und die Reformation im Urteil des deutschen Luthertums. Studien zum Selbstverst¨andnis des lutherischen Protestantismus von Luthers Tode bis zum Beginn der Goethezeit. 2 vols. (Freiburg: Herder, 1950–52); Heinrich Bornkamm, Luther im Spiegel der deutschen Geistesgeschichte. 2nd edn. (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1970); Jaroslav J. Pelikan, ed., Interpreters of Luther (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1968); A. G. Dickens and John Tonkin, The Reformation in Historical Thought (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1985).
4
Ernst Heidrich, Albrecht Dürers schriftlicher Nachlass (Berlin: J. Bard, 1920), 95f.
5
Zeeden, Martin Luther, i:4ff. Cf. Martin Brecht, Martin Luther: The Preservation of the Church 1532–1546, trans. James L. Schaaf (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993), 378–82 and Robert Kolb, Martin Luther as Prophet, Teacher, and Hero: Images of the Reformer, 1520–1620. Texts and Studies in Reformation and PostReformation Thought (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1999), 34–37.
6
Ibid., 11.
7
On Matthias Flacius Illyricus see Oliver K. Olson, Matthias Flacius and the Survival of Luther's Reform (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2000) and Olson, “Flacius Illyricus, Matthias” in Hans J. Hillerbrand, ed., The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation. 4. vols. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996), ii:110–11.
8
Robert Kolb, Luther's Heirs Define His Legacy: Studies on Lutheran Confessionalization (Brookfield, VT: Variorum, 1996).
9
A. J. F. Zieglschmid, ed., Die ¨alteste Chronikder Hutterischen Brüder (Ithaca, NY: The Cayuga Press, 1943), 43.

-238-

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The Cambridge Companion to Martin Luther
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents ix
  • Notes on Contributors xi
  • Preface xv
  • Chronology of Martin Luther xvii
  • Abbreviations xviii
  • Part I - Luther's Life and Context 1
  • 1 - Luther's Life 3
  • 2 - Luther's Wittenberg 20
  • Part II - Luther's Work 37
  • 3 - Luther's Writings 39
  • Notes 59
  • 4 - Luther as Bible Translator 62
  • 5 - Luther as an Interpreter of Holy Scripture 73
  • Notes 82
  • 6 - Luther's Theology 86
  • Notes 114
  • 7 - Luther's Moral Theology 120
  • 8 - Luther as Preacher of the Word of God 136
  • 9 - Luther's Spiritual Journey 149
  • 10 - Luther's Struggle with Social-Ethical Issues 165
  • Notes 175
  • 11 - Luther's Political Encounters 179
  • Notes 190
  • 12 - Luther's Polemical Controversies 192
  • Part III - After Luther 208
  • 13 - Luther's Function in an Age of Confessionalization 209
  • 14 - The Legacy of Martin Luther 227
  • Notes 238
  • 15 - Approaching Luther 240
  • Notes 252
  • Part IV - Luther Today 257
  • 16 - Luther and Modern Church History 259
  • 17 - Luther's Contemporary Theological Significance 272
  • Notes 286
  • 18 - Luther in the Worldwide Church Today 289
  • Select Bibliography 304
  • Index 313
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