Personality Traits

By Gerald Matthews; Ian J. Deary et al. | Go to book overview

Tables
1.1 Ratings of likeableness of some favourable, neutral and unfavourable traits4
1.2 Examples of experimental studies showing correspondences between traits and objective behavioural measures5
1.3 Correlations between trait descriptive adjectives thought to relate to conscientiousness, agreeableness and intellectance (n = 1,010)15
1.4 Factor solution obtained from correlational data of table 1.316
1.5 The fifteen personality traits assessed by the 16PF, with examples of famous individuals exemplifying the traits, and 16PF5 alpha coefficients20
1.6 Traits associated with the three dimension of Eysenck's model of personality22
1.7 Trait facets associated with the five domains of the Costa and McCrae five factor model of personality24
1.8 Studies of rating data demonstrating the Big Five27
1.9 A new factor analysis of Webb's (1915) trait rating data29
1.10 Correspondences between primary traits in four systems36
2.1 Correlations between judgements of children and their social behaviour as a function of feature centrality in the judgement of situation-competency demand44
2.2 Factors in an experimental situation that favour the importance of traits or manipulations in accounting for behaviour differences46
2.3 Hierarchy of hypotheses from the person-situation controversy, arranged from most to least pessimistic47
3.1 Inter-trait correlations obtained by Conley (1985)61
3.2 Components of temperament described by Buss and Plomin (1984)65
3.3 Scales of the Formal Characteristics of Behaviour—Temperament Inventory68
3.4 Selected loadings of personality and temperament scales on five factors70

-xiii-

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Personality Traits
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents vii
  • Figures x
  • Tables xiii
  • Boxes xvi
  • Preface to the First Edition xix
  • Preface to the Second Edition xxiii
  • I - The Nature of Personality Traits 1
  • 1 - The Trait Concept and Personality Theory 3
  • 2 - Persons, Situations and Interactionism 39
  • 3 - Personality Across the Life Span 58
  • 4 - Stable Traits and Transient States 77
  • 5 - Alternatives to Trait Theory 112
  • II - Causes of Personality Traits 133
  • 6 - Genes, Environments and Personality Traits 135
  • 7 - The Psychophysiology of Traits 166
  • 8 - The Social Psychology of Traits 204
  • III - Consequences and Applications 239
  • 9 - Stress 241
  • 10 - Traits and Health 273
  • 11 - Abnormal Personality Traits? 294
  • 12 - Personality, Performance and Information-Processing 325
  • 13 - Applications of Personality Assessment 357
  • 14 - Conclusions 391
  • References 411
  • Author Index 482
  • Subject Index 487
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