Methods in Philosophy of Education

By Frieda Heyting; Dieter Lenzen et al. | Go to book overview

Notes
1
However, this idea of contextual justification must not be confused with a coherence theory of truth, because it states nothing about the nature of truth-claims themselves (Bonjour 1986:132ff.; Moser et al. 1998:83ff.). Bonjour opts rather for an argumentation along the lines of correspondence theory, but going into this would lead us too far from the subject. His main arguments consist of requiring input from the world (be it causally, not epistemologically) and concluding that a system without such input cannot be expected to be coherent.
2
We can be sure only of the author's or speaker's actual formulations. Whether he or she 'really' believes the presuppositions that account for the plausibility of his or her propositions cannot be deduced. This need not be the case. Educational texts, for example, are often strongly adapted to the presumed presuppositions of the children whom one is addressing.
3
One must remember that the rules of logic and other procedures for practising this kind of critique themselves are not immune. This makes critique on grounds of form not principally different from critique with respect to content.

References
Annis, D. B. (1986) 'A Contextualist Theory of Epistemic Justification', in P. K. Moser (ed.), Empirical Knowledge. Readings in Contemporary Epistemology, Savage: Rowman & Littlefield.
Audi, R. (1988) Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge, London: Routledge.
Bonjour, L. (1986) 'The Coherence Theory of Empirical Knowledge', in P. K. Moser (ed.), Empirical Knowledge. Readings in Contemporary Epistemology, Savage: Rowman & Littlefield.
Braake, T. A. M. te (1987) 'Rechter, wetgever, minderjarige in de gezondheidszorg', Tijdschrift voor gezondheidsrecht, 11 (6): 310-322.
Brands, W. G., and Brands-Bottema, G. W. (1991) 'De minderjarige en de geneeskundige behandelingsovereenkomst', Tijdschrift voor gezondheidsrecht, 15 (2): 129-141.
Dancy, J. (1985) Introduction to Contemporary Epistemology, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
De Ruyter, D. J. (1993) Met recht ingrijpend: een pedagogisch criterium voor het opleggen van hulp, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, PhD thesis.
De Ville, K. (1997) 'Adolescent parents and medical decision-making', Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 22 (3): 253-270.
Doek, J. E. (1998) 'De minderjarige in het gezondheidsrecht: bekwaam en in staat tot een redelijke waardering van zijn belangen?', Tijdschrift voor gezondheidsrecht, 22 (1): 1-15.
Elgin, C. Z. (1996) Considered Judgment, Princeton:Princeton University Press.
Feyerabend, P. (1995) Killing Time. The Autobiography of Paul Feyerabend, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Fleisher Feldman, C. (1990) 'Thought from Language: The Linguistic Construction of Cognitive Representations', in J. Bruner and H. Haste (eds), Making Sense. The Child's Construction of the World, London: Routledge.
Freeman, M. D. A. (1992) 'The Limits of Children's Rights', in M. D. A. Freeman and P. Veerman (eds), The Ideologies of Children's Rights, Dordrecht: Reidel.
Ginzburg, J. (1997) 'Interrogatives', in S. Lappin (ed.), The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory, Oxford: Blackwell.

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