seen in this case, this is particularly true when a client is in transition from a more to a less restrictive environment. As a result, to successfully realize this goal, the endeavor must be well organized, including the design and implementation of specific techniques germane to this effort (Buchard & Harrington, 1985, 1986).
As treatment efforts are deinstitutionalized, numerous questions are being raised. Is a smaller community-based setting, by definition, a better treatment environment? Are not some large institutions less restrictive than some small settings (Zigler, Hodapp, & Edison, 1990)? Do the large numbers of facilities that exist in the community require the dedication of substantial resources to monitor the quality of treatment? This may be particularly true because many group homes are operated by nonprofessionals. Is the quality of treatment potentially compromised by the often high turnover (as much as 200% in some areas) of the inspectors responsible for the enforcement of treatment standards? Has the anticipated decrease in institutional budgets been realized (Lakin, 1991)? Deinstitutionalization is being scrutinized to determine if it has met societal goals. As part of this ongoing process, social workers play an important role in obtaining and communicating information regarding treatment of persons who have mental retardation.