Understanding Mental Retardation

By Patricia Ainsworth; Pamela Baker | Go to book overview

8
Psychiatric Illness and
Mental Retardation

Mental retardation is associated with an increased risk for other disorders that originate in the brain, including seizure disorders and mental or behavioral disorders. The term “dual diagnosis” is now frequently used to refer to the simultaneous presence of mental illness with another serious disorder, such as mental retardation.

Mental illnesses are severe disturbances in mood, behavior, and/or thought processes that usually result in significant social and interpersonal difficulties. Most of the mental illnesses that afflict the general population also occur in people with mental retardation, often with increased frequency.

Prior to the 1970s, clinicians working with retarded individuals tended to explain the behavioral or mental problems they experienced as symptoms of their mental retardation. The more bizarre symptoms were diagnosed as psychosis due to mental retardation. Because mood disorders were diagnosed rarely in this group, mood symptoms were either ignored or suppressed by the use of restrictive environmental measures, sedating tranquilizers, or both.

In the 1970s, clinicians began to recognize that mental illness can occur in association with mild mental retardation. Given the relatively good communication skills of people with mild retardation, clinicians found they could apply criteria for diagnosis of mental disorders to both the general population and to those with mild forms of retardation. The use of treatment modalities found effective in adults and children without

-133-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Understanding Mental Retardation
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 201

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.