An early version of parts of Chapter 3 appeared in a paper I co-authored with Alexi Clarke in the International Journal of Global Energy Issues (9(4/5), 1996). Chapters 6 and 7 owe much to the chapter I wrote on nuclear power for the OU book produced for T206: Energy for a Sustainable Future, Energy Systems and Sustainability (Oxford University Press, 2003). Chapters 8, 10, 11 and 15 draw on material I developed for Blocks 5 and 7 of the OU course on Innovation: Design, Environment and Strategy (T302), 1996. Chapter 12 is based on parts of a paper I produced for the House of Commons Welsh Affairs Select Committee (Second Report, Session 1993-4, vol. III, pp. 432-42, HMSO, London, 1994), a revised version of which was subsequently published as 'Public reactions to windfarms: the dynamics of opinion formation', in Energy and Environment (5(4): 343-62, 1994).
Versions of some of the material in this book have also appeared in RENEW, the journal I edit for NATTA.
Thanks are due to Tam Dougan for her critical support. She and our son Oliver not only coped with my preoccupation while writing the original version but also had to cope with the updating exercise.
Sally Boyle from the OU Department of Design and Innovation, aided by Richard Hearne, provided the necessary skills to convert the graphics into understandable form, and Melanie Attridge and the team at Routledge converted the text into what you have now.
However, responsibility for the final product rests with the author. In writing this book, designed to be accessible to non-technical people, I have inevitably had to try to simplify some complex technological issues. I trust practitioners will bear with me on this, although I would welcome comments and criticism. Although I have tried to be even-handed and to subject all the technologies and policies discussed to