|● The problems of 'short termism'|
|● The need for support infrastructure|
|● The need for public acceptance|
Even when novel energy technologies have passed through the research phase successfully, it is sometimes hard for them to get support for full-scale implementation. The existing financial and institutional arrangements and priorities often do not favour new technologies. This chapter looks at some of the financial problems that have faced renewables, using tidal power as an example. It also looks at the problem of promoting energy conservation. Finally, it introduces the question of how public acceptance for novel energy technologies can be gained - since this is the ultimate hurdle in the implementation process.
The momentum behind the development of sustainable energy technology seems fairly well established. For example, the economic benefits of energy conservation are clear and it seems likely that renewable energy technology will increasingly come to the fore as the environmental costs of existing energy technology become more apparent.
However, the pattern of development so far has revealed a number of major institutional problems that may make a rapid transition to a sustainable energy future difficult. These are not always trivial problems: they involve a battle over the whole paradigm of technological development.