Personal Construct Perspectives on Forensic Psychology

By James Horley | Go to book overview

Chapter 3

Sexual offenders

James Horley

Individuals who commit sexually deviant or anomolous acts are designated sexual offenders. The range of offensive acts varies from so-called 'nuisance' or indecent behaviours like exposing genitalia in public, although such experiences may leave lasting trauma for some victims (Cox & Maletzky, 1980), to more serious offences like rape. The number of incarcerated sexual offenders appears to be rising in many countries (see Borzecki & Wormith, 1987), although this is likely to be due to an increase in reporting, adjudication, and longer custodial sentences imposed by courts rather than an actual increase in incidence. The vast majority of sexual offenders are male, and relatively little is known about women who are convicted of sexual offences (but see O'Conner, 1987, for some case studies of female offenders); thus, most of the studies and comments in this chapter pertain only to men but may apply to women.

Sexual offenders do not represent a homogeneous group psychologically, and even subgroups of sexual offenders (e.g., men who molest children) are very heterogenous (Prentky & Knight, 1991; Quinsey, 1977, 1986). Perhaps partly due to this important consideration being ignored by early researchers and clinicians, we have no generally acceptable theories of sexual abuse despite many attempts (e.g., Johnston & Ward, 1996; Marshall & Barbaree, 1990). Most clinicians who work with sexual offenders today adopt a cognitive-behavioural approach (Houston, Thomson & Wragg, 1994), and perhaps with very good reason. Treatment efficacy of such programmes has been demonstrated (Marshall, Jones, Ward, Johnston, & Barbaree, 1991). The question is: What is meant by cognitive-behavioural? This designation can cover everything from rational-emotive therapy (Ellis, 1962) to social learning theory (Bandura, 1982), among others. Some of us (e.g., Horley, 2000;

-55-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Personal Construct Perspectives on Forensic Psychology
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 206

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.