Barbara F. Okun
TRUTH OR FICTION?
1. A father who is perceived by his colleagues and subordinates to be a “tyrant” at work is likely to be perceived by his children at home to be a “bully.” 2. Though families play a significant role in the development of their offspring's personalities and life styles, they are not the sole determinant. 3. Fathers can provide more nurturing than mothers. 4. Immigrant families who insist on retaining their own cultural beliefs and practices will cause their offspring to have emotional problems. 5. Family systems theories suggest a model of how families should be organized and how they should function. 6. Cultural variables do not apply to dominant culture families in the United States. 7. Intercultural and gay/lesbian couples who have children are creating a risk emotional difficulties for these children. 8. American citizens have been raised in high context, collective cultures. 9. Our notions of families and family development are social constructs and, therefore, differ from culture to culture. 10. The goal of family therapists is to help people respect cultural and systems differences and effectively negotiate these differences. 11. Biological connection is the primary determinant of a healthy family. 12. In general, bi-or multi-cultural children do not want to choose one parent's culture over the other parent's culture. 13. Marginalization and oppression have psychological impact on one's development. 14. Clinicians need to understand dynamics of power and powerlessness. 15. Marriage and family therapistsneedto considerboth culturalcontext andindividual difficulties with regard to assessing family dysfunction and resiliency.