Howard A. Liddle
1. Cigarette smoking is more common than drinking among adolescents. 2. The younger a person is when he or she starts using substances, the more likely that person is to develop a substance use disorder. 3. Having good social skills can help protect an at-risk adolescent from substance use problems. 4. Adolescent substance use is most common in urban areas. 5. Research has focused more on identifying protective factors than on identifying risk factors. 6. Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant. 7. Drug use may negatively affect the user's judgment, thereby increasing the risk of car accidents. 8. A depressed adolescent who abuses dwgs is at lower riskfor suicide than a depressed adolescent who does not abuse drugs. 9. Adolescent substance abusers tend to have high levels of anxiety. 10. In recent years, the rate of juvenile arrests for drug use violations has increased. 11. The most effective drug prevention programs are those that target multiple areas of risk. 12. Residential treatment programs differ fwm inpatient programs in that they are less restrictive and stmctured and are not set in hospitals. 13. The 12-step model is the most effective treatment for adolescent drug abusers.