mensions in the course of their political and social development. Inevitably, they become one-sided in their pursuit of justice and democracy. Europeans and Americans approach the strengthening of civil society in education from two different points of departure, the former (mostly) from a tradition of state-governed public education, the latter (mostly) from a tradition of local control. This provides great opportunities for learning and dialogue. Both Europeans and Americans have reason to look across the Atlantic for a more complete sense of how to strengthen civil society. For such learning and dialogue to be successful we must be prepared to scrutinize and reevaluate some of our most deeply held beliefs. On either side of the Atlantic people must ask themselves how good a balance their nation has struck between liberty and social justice, and what policy instruments are available to address whatever imbalance they have allowed to develop.
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