Education between States, Markets, and Civil Society: Comparative Perspectives

By Heinz-Dieter Meyer; William L. Boyd | Go to book overview

Current visions of educational reform, both the statist systemic reform and the market-oriented emphasis on competition and choice, are neither of these. They provide no space between the state and the market. Both offer schools in which students are seen as competing with one another for advantage in the marketplace. Whether such schools will raise test scores I do not know, but it seems evident to me that they are unlikely to help students achieve a praiseworthy conception of a good life or to develop the social capital for a liberal democratic society. If we bring the civil society perspective to schooling, we will ask a wider range of questions, but if the civil society perspective is to fulfill its potential, it must view particularistic groups as resources for the development of social capital, not just as sources of sectarian strife.


References

Ackerman, B. (1980). Social justice in the liberal state. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Agostini v. Felton, 118 S. Ct. 40 (1997).

Board of Education v Mergans, 496 U.S. 226 (1990).

Bryk, A. S., Lee, V. E., & Holland, P. B. (1993). Catholic schools and the common good. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Chubb, J. E., & Moe, T. M. (1990). Politics, markets, and the American school. Washington DC: The Brookings Institution.

Friedman, M. (1962). Capitalism and freedom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Fuhrman, S. H. (1993). The Politics of coherence. In S. H. Fuhrman (Ed.), Designing coherent educational policy (pp. 1–34). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Gutmann, A. (1987). Democratic education. Princeton, N J: Princeton University Press.

Gutmann, A., & Thompson, D. (1996). Democracy and disagreement. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Hanushek, E. A. (1997). Outcomes, incentives, and beliefs: Reflections on analysis of the economics of schools. Educational evaluation and policy analysis, 19(4), 301–308.

Hollenbach, D. (1995). Virtue, the common good, and democracy. In A. Etzioni (Ed.), New communitarian thinking (pp. 143–153). Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia.

Putnam, R. (1993). Making democracy work.: Civic traditions in modern Italy. Princeton, N J: Princeton University Press.

Rawls, J. (1971). A theory of justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Rawls, J. (1993). Political liberalism. New York: Columbia University Press.

Rosenblum, N. (1998). The moral effects of associational life. Philosophy and public policy, 18(3), 8–13.

School district of Grand Rapids v. Ball, 473 U.S. 373 (1985).

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