Like all books, this one has been, if not quite a collective project, then close to it. I am delighted at last to have the chance to express my thanks to the many people who have counseled and helped along the way and to the institutions that supported my research and writing. My first debt is to those who provided financial support that brought with it precious time to research and write. At an early stage, a fellowship from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation provided the space to rethink the parameters of this project; the Center for Social History at the New School for Social Research (then directed by Charles Tilly and Louise Tilly) generously housed me during that period. I wrote most of the manuscript during two years of research leaves offered by Rutgers University and with the help of a glorious semester at the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (SCASSS) in Uppsala, Sweden. I also benefited from two short-term residencies at the Institute for Social Research, Oslo.
For more than a decade now, I have been blessed with wonderful graduate students from whom I have learned as much as I have taught. I want particularly to thank those who participated in this project by providing research assistance. At Rutgers, Kimberly Brodkin, Sarah Dubow, Rebecca Hartmann, Beatrix Hoffman, Colleen O'Neill, Mary Poole, Lisa Phillips, and Stephen Robertson were invaluable. At Columbia, Martha Jones, Lisa McGirr, and Jung Pak were particularly helpful. Leah Aden resourcefully aided with final details. Jennifer Brier and Rebecca Kessler hunted up distant archival sources.
I have relied heavily on the good offices of more archivists than I can count. I thank them all, and I want particularly to single out Kathy Kraft at the Schlesinger Library, without whose goodwill and perspicacious energy this book would have been much poorer. Lee Sayres has since left the George Meany Memorial Archives, but while she was there, she proved an adept guide