Sport—what it's all about
This chapter sets out to define sport, giving it a setting in a UK environment, with afterthoughts on how this perspective guides modern-day thinking and practice. It proceeds to consider sports participation trends and costs, before moving on to assess the economic impact of sport and how spending trends are moving. Sports clubs are then examined—their operation, style and effectiveness.
Parameters and definitions
Sport was born of a man's highest ideals and has been around for 33 centuries, which is longer than any other religion, culture or sub-culture; and must be defended and harnessed for its values.
The council of Europe's European Sports Charter
, adopted in 1992, defines sport as 'all forms of physical activity which, through casual or organized participation, aim at expressing or improving physical activity fitness and mental wellbeing, forming social relationships or obtaining results in competition at all levels' (Council of Europe, 1992). It is important to be clear about what is meant by the key terms used in this text. As with almost any word or concept, contrasting meanings and interpretations can be adopted by different individuals or groups on varying occasions. For the purposes of this text the following definitions and meanings will be adopted.
|• Where the term recreation is used, it is understood that the recreation is of a physical nature. |
|•Recreation is seen as the physical (when related to sport and usually the allied mental) re-creating (renewing) of the body and the person. |
|•Sport is seen as a physically active pastime participated in at a wide variety of levels, under agreed rules; not necessarily, but often, in a competitive setting; at the very least competing against oneself. |
|•Activity is the specific thing which is done to exert the energy—in this text its use will be a sport of some sort. |