Qualitative Research in Tourism: Ontologies, Epistemologies and Methodologies

By Jenny Phillimore; Lisa Goodson | Go to book overview

8

Reflexivity and tourism research

Situating myself and/with others
Michael Hall
Aims of the chapter
• To identify issues relating to reflexivity and undertaking tourism research.
• To identify how 'the rules of the game' may affect tourism research.
• To discuss how so-called private life may influence the public conduct of tourism research.

Introduction

The growth of a high degree of 'reflexivity' or self-consciousness among the populations of contemporary industrial societies tends to be regarded as one of the hallmarks of postmodernity (Gergen 1991; Lash and Urry 1994). By this is meant that modern societies have reached a position where not only are they forced to reflect on themselves but also they have the capability of reflecting back on themselves. For Giddens (1990, 1991), this has meant the capacity for greater personal, individual self-reflexivity, while for Beck (1992) it is societal self-reflexivity, through social monitoring and social movements (Beck et al. 1994). For researchers, this means that via the principle of reflexive explanation, 'each of us as members of society are able to participate via certain roles and come to reflect on the products of that participation' (Evans 1988:2000). However, whether the condition of modern societies is branded as reflexive modernity or postmodernity, the vagaries of the postmodern condition are virtually unavoidable in contemporary examinations of social science and the worlds from which social research are formed, including our own.

Ironically, this is itself a product of the nature of postmodernity, which 'does not offer itself as a theory to be tested and assessed in the usual fashion. In a peculiar way, post-modernity has to be assessed not from the detached viewpoint of the external observer but from within, from inside its own discourse' (Kumar 1995:184). Arguably, the critical culture of postmodernity has established new spaces, opportunities and languages of debate, with such debates becoming the proof of postmodernity's own existence. 'The battle of the books is also an ontic battle against death' (Hassan 1985:120).

-137-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Qualitative Research in Tourism: Ontologies, Epistemologies and Methodologies
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 334

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.