1st century AD
The Zealot Sect founded
11th century AD
Assassin movement active against Islamic faith and Crusaders
14th to 15th centuries AD
Christian led pogroms of Jews in Central Europe.
19th century AD
Russian revolutionaries became first anti-state dissidents
Communist manifesto published
Ku Klux Klan founded in Tennessee, USA
20th century AD
Revolutionaries commonly resorted to terrorism to overthrow existing governments.
Ottoman Turks committed genocide against its American population
Easter Rising in Ireland by Irish republicans to try to end British rule
1930s and 1940s
Political purges and terror in Soviet Union and Holocaust in Germany
Struggle of communists in French Indo-China to win power - especially Vietnam
Guatemalan civil war including state sponsored massacres and death squads
Che Guevara's death in Bolivia - a hero for the far Left
Carlos Marighella completed his Mini-Manual of the Urban Guerrilla
Members of Black September kidnapped Israeli athletes at the Olympic village in Munich and later all were killed in the rescue attempt
Khmer Rouge government in Cambodia committed acts of genocide against its own people
Carlos the Jackal seized hostages at the OPEC meeting in Vienna and fled to Algeria.
West German commandos attacked an airport at Mogadishu in Somalia to rescue hostages after a Lufthansa plane had been hijacked by the Red Army Faction
Former Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro kidnapped in Rome and later murdered by the Red Brigade
An attempt to rescue American hostages held in the US Embassy in Tehran, Iran since 1979 was aborted when rescue aircraft had mechanical problems
The end of the Cold War spelt the end for hard Left movements across Europe and their sponsorship for terrorism ended
Thousands killed in Algeria in fighting between Islamic extremists and the government.
Bosnia Herzegovina declared independence from Yugoslavia.