In writing this book I have received help of many kinds from a great variety of old and new friends in both the US and India. Among my colleagues at the University of Michigan I am especially grateful to Elizabeth Anderson, Carl Cohen, Patricia Gurin, and Ramaswami Mahalingam. Among colleagues elsewhere in the US I am indebted to Margery Davies, Donald Heller, Thomas Kane, Glenn Loury Arthur MacEwan, and an anonymous reviewer of an early version of the manuscript. During two trips to India, and in subsequent correspondence, I benefited greatly from the hospitality and advice of Mrinal Dattachaudhuri, Ashwini Deshpande, Satish Deshpande, Amitabha Ghosh, Viney Kirpal, Ravivarma Kumar, and G.G. Wankhede; and I am also grateful for the helpful suggestions offered by Karuna Chanana, V.K. Ramachandran, Srinivasa Rao, A.R. Vasavi, and Padma Velaskar. I thank Satya Chakravarty, Jean Dreze, and Anjan Ghosh for organizing seminar presentations of my work at the Indian Statistical Institute, the Center for Studies in Social Sciences, and the Delhi School of Economics. I thank also Krishna Raj for encouraging me to publish in his Economic and Political Weekly some articles based on my work for this book. Chandan Gowda provided me with excellent research assistance in the early stages of the project. Finally, I gratefully acknowledge the support of the University of Michigan, in the form of a year of sabbatical and off-campus duty leave from the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, as well as financial support for research and travel expenses from the Office of the Vice-President for Research, the Rackham School of Graduate Studies, and the International Institute.
My greatest debt is to my wife, Susan Contratto, who not only gave me unstinting encouragement at all stages of this project but also helped me to improve the clarity and readability of the book.