I could not have written this book without the assistance of countless fans, of whom I want particularly to thank Barbara Tennison, Signe Hovde, and her Madison friends, Ursula Boyle, Spencer Love, Emily McEwan, Mary Van Deusen, Vicki Burke, Lee Heller, Shoshanna Green, Joan Martin, the Oblique group, and the members of North of Shangri-La, who have shared with me their insights, their materials, their connections, and their experiences, and whose ideas can be found on almost every page of this book. I want to thank all of the fans who sent me personal letters, envelopes stuffed with photocopies of previous correspondence, copies of their publications, artwork, and who have demonstrated to me in the most material ways the sense of community that is a central concern of this book. I especially wish to thank Meg Garrett who has read and commented on every page, who has sent me hours of tapes and videos, who has engineered introductions and shared addresses with other fans, and who wrote the appendix to this book. I always greet another package from "The Court of Chaos" with excitement.
I would also like to take this opportunity to thank the academic readers and critics who have challenged my theoretical claims and helped me to clarify aspects of fan culture that might seem cryptic to mundane readers: David Thorburn, Lynn Spigel, Constance Penley, John Fiske, John Tulloch, Louis Galdieri, Lisa Rofel, Mary Fuller, Ruth Perry, Jane Shattuc, Ellen Draper, Susan Emanuel, Lisa Lewis, Peter Kramer, Nickianne Moody, Les Perelman, Briony Keith, and the members of the Narrative-Intelligence and Construction of Sexuality Reading Groups at MIT. I would also like to thank my students for their helpful input and strong support, especially those who came to my presentations of this material during the Independent Activity Period in early 1991. Portions of this manuscript have appeared previously in: Critical Studies in Mass Communications, Journal of University Film and Video Association, Camera Obscura, and The Adoring Audience (New York: Routledge, 1991).