All or Nothing: The Axis and the Holocaust 1941-1943

By Jonathan Steinberg | Go to book overview

PHASE TWO

SYSTEMATIC MURDER: THE ITALIANS OBSTRUCT THE FINAL SOLUTION

June 1942 to November 1942

Knowledge of the holocaust spread slowly during 1942, in part because Hitler and his entourage took care to conceal it. They used euphemisms and made sure that only those who 'needed to know' did. Any mention of the murder of the Jews was expressly forbidden. In July 1943 Martin Bormann, head of the party apparatus, issued a directive to all party leaders 'by order of the Führer': 'In public discussion of the Jewish question any mention of a future total solution must be avoided. However, one may discuss the fact that all Jews are being interned and detailed to purposeful compulsory labour forces.' 1

Knowledge of the holocaust spread slowly, in addition, because people simply refused to believe the evidence. Nothing like it had occurred before. Certainly Croatians murdered Serbs. That was regrettable but normal. Peoples had always used the sword on each other. The holocaust was different. Ordinary human beings found it hard to accept that the bloodless apparatus of a modern state had become a machine for collecting, processing, transporting and then efficiently murdering an entire people. Even Goebbels could not believe at first. On 27 March 1942 he wrote:

Beginning with Lublin, the Jews in the General Government are now being evacuated eastward. The procedure is a pretty barbaric one and not to be described here more definitely. Not much will remain of the Jews…. No other government and no other regime would have the strength for such a global solution of this question…. Fortunately a whole series of possibilities presents itself to us in wartime that would be denied us in peacetime. 2

Holocaust records show that Jews themselves often refused to believe what was happening in spite of the evidence of their own

-50-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
All or Nothing: The Axis and the Holocaust 1941-1943
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations ix
  • Maps and Documents x
  • Acknowledgements xi
  • Abbreviations xiv
  • Introduction xvii
  • The Problem 1
  • Part I - The Events 13
  • Phase One - Unsystematic Murder: War in the Balkans 15
  • Phase Two - Systematic Murder: the Italians Obstruct the Final Solution 50
  • Phase Three - The Net Widens: the Italians Defend Jews in Greece and France 85
  • The Last Act - The Fall of Fascism to the Armistice 135
  • Part II - Explanations 165
  • 1 - The Matrix of Virtue and Vice 168
  • 2 - Two Types of Charisma 181
  • 3 - The Two Armies 206
  • 4 - Germans, Italians and Jews 220
  • Conclusion 242
  • Bibliography of Works Since 1990 245
  • Sources and Bibliography 251
  • Notes 274
  • Index 307
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 326

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.