b. 1926, Malawi
Aubrey Kachingwe was the first Malawian to be published in the Heinemann African Writers Series when his novel No Easy Task came out in 1966. As such he was a great inspiration to aspiring young writers in the country. He had shown that Malawians could make it into the top literary league of African literature. Focusing on the life of a young journalist, his novel is a study of the gradual development of the consciousnesses of nationalism (see nationalism and post-nationalism) in a colonized subject, raising him to a level whereby he is able to resist rather than accept the colonial order as immutable (see colonialism, neocolonialism, and postcolonialism). Written around the time of the independence of Malawi, it also captures the euphoria that accompanies the attainment of the ultimate prize of the national liberation struggle. Through its graphic portrayal of the unpredictability of human behavior, we get a subtle warning that perhaps the struggle is never really over. Additionally, it covers issues of Christianity, missionary education and urban life in Malawi (see Christianity and Christian missions ;education and schools).
b. 1912, Kiyanza, Rwanda; d. 1981
priest, scholar, and writer
Born at Kiyanza in Rwanda, Kagame was a Catholic priest and one of his country's most distinguished scholars. Doctor of philosophy, eclectic humanist, and prolific writer, he also practiced journalism in the 1940s as chief editor of Kinyamateka (The Newspaper), the famous Catholic weekly newspaper in Kinyarwanda, the language of Rwanda. During his lifetime he was a member of several African as well as European academies and institutes of ethnohistorical research, and a member and president of the Rwandan Academy of Culture from its creation in 1971. On his death he left numerous manuscripts to the diocese of Butare in Rwanda, and his Amazina y'inka (Pastoral Poems) was edited and published in two volumes by the poet Cyprien (Sipiriyani) Rugamba in 1988.
Kagame wrote on African philosophy from what he termed a Bantu perspective, and his most prominent work in this tradition is La Philosophie bantu-rwandaise de l'être (The Rwandan-Bantu Philosophy of Being) (1956). He also produced works in linguistics, poetry, religion, ethnology, and oral literatures (see oral literature and performance).