International Competitiveness, Investment and Finance: A Case Study of India

By A. Ganesh-Kumar; Kunal Sen et al. | Go to book overview

Notes

1

Competitiveness, investment and finance: analytical links

1
A notable exception is Fanelli and Medhora (2002).
2
The earliest firm-level study of export behaviour that demonstrates the presence of significant inter-firm heterogeneity within an industry is Lall and Kumar (1981).
3
Furthermore, it should be noted that, apart from some technology-intensive industries such as engineering, electronics and drugs and pharmaceuticals, most other industries in low-income developing countries use relatively low-end technologies that can be easily purchased 'off the shelf'. In these industries, technological factors such as innovation and research and development may play a relatively less important role in determining their international competitiveness.
4
1989-90 corresponds to the Indian fiscal year 1 April 1989 to 31 March 1990. We use this notation throughout the book.
5
Notice that an analysis done only at the sectoral/industry level ignoring firm heterogeneity would not have captured this aspect.
6
See, for example, Jensen and Meckling (1976), Stiglitz and Weiss (1981), Myers and Majluf (1984) and Bernanke and Gertler (1990). Two useful surveys of this literature are Gertler (1988) and Hubbard (1998).
7
See, for example, Bhagwati and Desai (1970), Balassa and associates (1971), Krueger (1974, 1978, 1993), Leith (1974), Baldwin (1975), Behrman (1975), Bhagwati and Srinivasan (1975), Diaz-Alezandro (1975), Hansen and Nashashibi (1975), Michaely (1975), Balassa (1987), Corbo and de Melo (1987), World Bank (1986, 1987, 1988, 1989b, 1991, 1995), IMF (1988, 1992), Easterly et al. (1994), Slawinski (1996) and Teranishi (1997).

2

The policy environment in India

1
Historically the inflation rate in India has been fairly low by developing country standards with an annual average of 6.1 per cent for the period 1951-90.
2
The discussion of India's trade and exchange rate policy draws heavily from World Bank (1989), Pursell (1992), Joshi and Little (1994) and Agrawal et al. (1995).
3
With India being a signatory to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) agreements, most of the quantitative restrictions (QRs) to imports have been removed by April 2001. The QRs have been replaced with tariffs, most of which are also fairly low, much below the bound rates that India submitted to the WTO.

-146-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
International Competitiveness, Investment and Finance: A Case Study of India
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents ix
  • Figures xi
  • Tables xii
  • Preface xv
  • 1 - Competitiveness, Investment and Finance 1
  • 2 - The Policy Environment in India 12
  • 3 - The Balance of Payments and National Competitiveness 27
  • 4 - The Determinants of Sectoral Competitiveness 51
  • 5 - Outward Orientation 63
  • 6 - Finance Constraints, Persistent Exporting and Investment 93
  • 7 - Conclusions and Policy Implications 115
  • Appendix 123
  • Notes 146
  • References 151
  • Index 157
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 162

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.