The standard critical edition of Kant's works is Kants gesammelte Schriften, ed. Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften, 29 vols, Berlin, de Gruyter, 1902-83. Recommended English translations of his major works are as follows.
It is Life that forms and educates. (Das Leben bildet.)1
Pestalozzi's educational thinking arose from the republican ideology discussed intensively in the second half of the eighteenth century in Switzerland. Influenced by the historian and literary critic Johann Jacob Bodmer, the republican discussion in Pestalozzi's home town of Zurich became radical and emerged as a reform movement in which he was politically socialized during the 1760s. The ideal the young republicans stood for was a paternalistic, virtuous and aristocratic republic, where education would be integral to political understanding. Pestalozzi's political involvement, and the fact that his family did not belong to the upper class (his father died when he was 5), made it impossible for him to pursue a career either as a clergyman or a politician. In keeping with the anti-commercial republican ideology and the shining example of Rousseau's Émile (1762), he decided to become a farmer-dreaming of a virtuous life far away from the perceived vices and corruption of a trading city like Zurich.
In 1767 he went to Berne to begin an apprenticeship in modern farming.