Transnational Organised Crime: Perspectives on Global Security

By Adam Edwards; Peter Gill | Go to book overview

Part III

Case studies

If, as argued by Klerks and Stelfox in Part II, it is accepted that responses to TOC need to be questioned in terms of their sensitivity to the specific social contexts in which they are implemented, then qualitative case study research has much to offer policy change and learning. The contributions to Part III discuss the findings of case study research into European Union responses to the perceived threat from organised criminality originating in Central and Eastern European (CEE) states.

The chapters by Rawlinson and Bogusz and King argue that the very notion of TOC has been defined by the European Union in relation to the key objective of the third pillar of the Treaty of European Union, on Justice and Home Affairs, which calls for the creation of a 'high level of safety within an area of freedom, security and justice'. It is clear from the panoply of action plans, directives and other policy instruments developed by the European Union over the past decade that organised criminality originating in CEE states is regarded as a principle threat to this objective (see also Chapter 2 by Elvins in Part I). As such, the EU has made improvements in the policing and judicial capacity of CEE states a key criterion for their accession to the EU. Specifically, the Commission of the EU has identified the need for improvements in mutual judicial assistance, joint policing operations, greater law enforcement and judicial cooperation in the fight against organised crime and in tackling money laundering, terrorism and transnational offences. The basic instrument for compelling candidate states for accession to comply with these improvements is the acquis communitaire (the entire body of law to which EU member states are subject), especially those laws specified in the Justice and Home Affairs pillar. Progress in complying with the acquis is monitored by the Commission through the Regular (annual) Country Reports on each candidate state's performance which, in turn, inform bilateral Accession Partnership Agreements between the EU and these states. The Country Reports are also used to identify priority areas for action to be undertaken by candidate states and, since 1998, these have specified action on illicit drugs trafficking, illegal immigration and organised crime more generally.

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Transnational Organised Crime: Perspectives on Global Security
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figures x
  • Tables xi
  • Acknowledgements xiv
  • Introduction 1
  • References 6
  • Part I - Origins of the Concept 7
  • References 11
  • 1 - Transnational Organised Crime 13
  • 2 - Europe's Response to Transnational Organised Crime 28
  • Notes 39
  • References 40
  • 3 - Global Law Enforcement as a Protection Racket 42
  • Note 55
  • References 56
  • Part II - Measurements and Interpretations 59
  • References 64
  • 4 - Measuring Transnational Organised Crime 65
  • Note 77
  • 5 - Classify, Report and Measure 78
  • References 95
  • 6 - The Network Paradigm Applied to Criminal Organisations 97
  • References 113
  • 7 - Transnational Organised Crime 114
  • Notes 125
  • Part III - Case Studies 127
  • 8 - Bad Boys in the Baltics 131
  • Notes 141
  • 9 - Controlling Drug Trafficking in Central Europe 143
  • Note 154
  • 10 - Recognising Organised Crime's Victims 157
  • Notes 171
  • Part IV - Current and Prospective Responses 175
  • References 181
  • 11 - The Legal Regulation of Transnational Organised Crime 183
  • References 193
  • 12 - Countering the Chameleon Threat of Dirty Money 195
  • Notes 209
  • 13 - Criminal Asset-Stripping 212
  • 14 - Proteiform Criminalities 227
  • Notes 239
  • References 240
  • 15 - Organised Crime and the Conjunction of Criminal Opportunity Framework 241
  • References 262
  • 16 - After Transnational Organised Crime? 264
  • Note 279
  • Index 282
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