Global Media Studies: Ethnographic Perspectives

By Patrick D. Murphy; Marwan M. Kraidy | Go to book overview

15

GLOBALIZATION AVANT LA LETTRE?

Cultural hybridity and media power in Lebanon

Marwan M. Kraidy

A few years before the outbreak of the 1975-90 war in Lebanon, Hudson (1968) wrote:

The Lebanese Republic is one of the most unusual states in the world. It is a conglomeration of paradoxes and contradictions. Since it became independent of France in 1943 it has struggled from one crisis to another, avoiding disaster by the narrowest of margins. Lebanon as a polity is archaic, inefficient, and divided; it is also liberal, democratic and - in general - orderly. It is Arab and Western, Christian and Muslim, traditional and modern. Its precarious survival is a fascinating subject …

(p. 3)

Unfortunately, in the 1970s Lebanon could no longer avoid disaster and descended into violent protracted conflict, lasting from 1975 to 1990, which fragmented this small country into minuscule enclaves controlled by paramilitary militias. 1 Otherwise, Hudson's assessment applies to Lebanon in the early twenty-first century, with the exception that when his The Precarious Republic was published in 1968, Lebanon had only one television station, Télé-Liban, whose ownership the state shared with private individuals. During the war, the total collapse of state authority prompted feuding confessional 2 factions to establish unlicensed radio and television stations as mouthpieces, culminating in the early to mid 1990s with more than 50 television and 100 radio stations (Kraidy, 1998).

Created in 1956 and on the air since 1959, Télé-Liban's fortunes have ebbed and flowed with Lebanon's political mis/fortunes (Boulos, 1996; Kraidy, 1998). It was the only television witness of Lebanon's golden era in the 1960s and early 1979s. During that period, Télé-Liban was a creative laboratory for how to

-276-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Global Media Studies: Ethnographic Perspectives
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Part I - Introduction 1
  • 1 - Towards an Ethnographic Approach to Global Media Studies 3
  • Notes 16
  • Part II - Situating Ethnography in Global Media Studies 21
  • 2 - The Problem of Textuality in Ethnographic Audience Research 23
  • References 37
  • 3 - Passing Ethnographies 40
  • Notes 54
  • 4 - Where is Audience Ethnography's Fieldwork? 57
  • 5 - Audience Letters and Letter-Writers 72
  • 6 - Rituals in the Modern World 90
  • Part III - Researching the Local 107
  • 7 - Negotiation and Position 109
  • References 123
  • 8 - "Now That You'Re Going Home, Are You Going to Write About the Natives You Studied?" 125
  • Notes 144
  • 9 - Methodology as Lived Experience 147
  • Notes 162
  • 10 - On the Border 165
  • References 182
  • 11 - Radio's Early Arrival in Rural Appalachia 184
  • Part IV - Articulating Globalization Through Ethnography 213
  • 12 - "Ask the West, Will Dinosaurs Come Back?" 215
  • Notes 231
  • References 232
  • 13 - Where the Global Meets the Local 234
  • 14 - Chasing Echoes 257
  • References 274
  • 15 - Globalization Avant La Lettre? 276
  • Notes 292
  • Part V - Afterword 297
  • 16 - Media Ethnography 299
  • References 306
  • Index 308
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 314

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.