A. PROPOSALS SUBMITTED TO THE CONFERENCE
Working Paper submitted by the Experts of France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom
LAND MINES AND BOOBY-TRAPS
AND PROPOSALS FOR THE REGULATION OF THEIR USE
1. Land mines, booby-traps and similar devices were discussed by the first session of the Conference of Government Experts on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons held at Lucerne between 24 September and 18 October 1974 (hereinafter called “The Experts' Conference”). It was noted that these weapons might be used in a manner which could be characterised as “perfidious” and, further, that their use in certain circumstances might involve a degree of indiscrimination between military and civilian targets. The Experts' Conference reported that “it was widely felt that in further deliberations on the subject stress should be laid on use against the civilian population”.
2. Many armed forces today have a sophisticated system for recording the location of minefields, whether remotely delivered or manually emplaced. Such recording is primarily for the benefit of the armed forces themselves, but it does provide a ready means of locating such minefields in order that they may be removed after the cessation of active hostilities. Although it may not be possible to provide for the recording of the location of isolated mines hastily laid during combat, it would seem desirable to make a formal requirement for the recording of the location of even small minefields (exceeding 20 mines) and for public disclosure after the cessation of active hostilities of the location of all such minefields in territory controlled by an adverse party.
3. One category of mines which was discussed in detail during the Experts' Conference was there referred to as “Scatterable mines”. This category embraces mines delivered by tube and rocket artillery and, more commonly, by aircraft. The Experts' Conference recognised that these mines, which are a comparatively recent development, serve much the same function as emplaced mines but with the additional utility that follows from the rapidity with which they can be deployed. This category of mines can perhaps be better described as “Remotely