ICRC Regional Seminar for States of the Southern Africa
Development Community (SADC)
21–23 April 1997
Organized by the ICRC in cooperation with the Organization of
African Unity and the Republic of Zimbabwe
To further the developing momentum in the region towards a total ban on anti-personnel mines, the ICRC convened a meeting of defence and foreign affairs officials from the 12 SADC countries to discuss the military utility and humanitarian costs of anti-personnel mines. The findings of the military study commissioned by the ICRC and entitled Anti-personnel Landmines: Friend or Foe? were examined critically in light of the southern African experience. The seminar ended with an unequivocal call for an end to the landmine plague, and the participants unanimously endorsed the objective of a total prohibition of anti-personnel mines, including by their own governments.
Final Declaration of Participants
(representing: Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique,
Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe)
Harare, 23 April 1997
Defence and foreign affairs officials from all 12 States of the Southern Africa Development Community gathered in Harare to consider the human, social and economic costs of anti-personnel mines in Southern Africa and throughout the world. Participants examined the military effectiveness of these weapons, the practical difficulties of their actual use and mine clearance. The seminar sought to develop recommendations for a common response in Southern Africa to the humanitarian crisis caused by landmines. The following statement was adopted by the participants.