The "Civil Society" Problematique: Deconstructing Civility and Southern Nigeria's Ethnic Radicalization

By Adedayo Oluwakayode Adekson | Go to book overview

CHAPTER I

Introduction

RECENTLY, THE NOTION OF CIVIL SOCIETY HAS BECOME POPULAR IN THE discipline of political science in particular and public discourse in general. A review of literature produced in the sub-fields of Comparative Politics and International Relations reveals burgeoning, substantially varied and intellectually profound analyses that grapple with the applicability and utility of civil society in diverse contexts. Although the concept appeared to have been abandoned for decades, if not centuries, and seemingly re-emerged in the post-Cold War era, a closer review of scholarship generated outside the 'West' shows, surprisingly enough, that the idea has influenced theory and practice in areas as far-flung as Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe (Mengotti 1998; Coutinho 1986; Lechner 1986; O'Donnell and Schmitter 1986; Uchida 1967; Hirata 1969 and 1971; all cited in Keane 1998; Lewis 2002).

Arguably, the contemporary rediscovery of civil society could be traced to adherents of the Civil Society School of Japanese Marxism, such as Yoshihiko Uchida and Kiyoaki Hirata, who published extensively on the concept in the 1960s and beyond (Keane 1998; Hirata 1969 and 1971; Uchida 1967). These two authors articulated a neo-Gramscian view of civil society which emphasized three themes, including the 'importance of breaking the bad habit of relying upon European social science and methods that were seen to be wooden', and the manner in which Japanese capitalism hitherto had been devoid of a civil society (Keane 1998). Moreover, the renewed emphasis on civil society in North American intellectual circles also must be squarely situated within the context of the decade-long opposition to and eventual demise of the communist epoch in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, the correspondingly important process of democratisation on the African Continent and the critical role that non-state actors assumed in this regard.

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The "Civil Society" Problematique: Deconstructing Civility and Southern Nigeria's Ethnic Radicalization
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • List of Tables xi
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • Preface xv
  • Chapter I - Introduction 3
  • Chapter II - Overview of Study 13
  • Chapter III - Review of Literature 31
  • Chapter IV - Summary of Results-Ijaw Youth Council 59
  • Chapter V - Summary of Results-Movement for the Actualisation of the Sovereign State of Biafra (Massob) 87
  • Chapter VI - Summary of Results-Oodua Peoples Congress 109
  • Chapter VII - Analysis of Theoretical Anomalies and Regime Policy 135
  • Chapter VIII - Analysis of the Process of Radicalization 169
  • Chapter IX - Implications of Findings and Conclusion 207
  • Appendix A 221
  • Appendix B 227
  • Appendix C 233
  • Appendix D 235
  • Appendix E 237
  • Notes 241
  • Bibliography 277
  • Index 315
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