THIS CHAPTER INVESTIGATES AND EXAMINES FIVE ISSUES-NAMELY functionalism, regional integration, interdependence, global civil society and NGOs-in order to construct theoretical foundations. These issues, and the concepts outlined in Chapter I, will help explore the feasibility and desirability of establishing a regional human rights arrangement in East Asia. The overall attempt is to better understand the prospects for the establishment of a regional human rights mechanism in East Asia, or elsewhere in Asia. For this study, East Asia includes the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRk), the Republic of Korea (ROK), Japan, the Republic of China (ROC), the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Mongolian Republic. This area incorporates approximately a quarter of the world's population.
The growing complexity of governmental systems has increased greatly the essentially technical, nonpolitical tasks facing governments (Mitrany, 1966). Mitrany argues that government is the sum of its functions. The chief concern in Mitrany's "A Working Peace System" (1966) is how to achieve lasting peace in a conflicted world. Mitrany finds a solution in the unification of the world by technology, which has increased the interactions of individuals and states. Mitrany's functionalism is an attempt to construct a viable supranational administrative structure to build a peaceful world community. Central to the functional approach is the idea of gradual functional transformation of the nation-state system into a global community to achieve a "working peace system." Mitrany links functionalism to the prevention of war and to the development of authoritative world political institutions. Functionalism is an assertion that the develop-