THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY HAS BEEN TO INVESTIGATE THE POSSIBILITY OF establishing a regional inter-governmental human rights protection mechanism in East Asia with a focus on the contributions of NGOs to such a development. Chapter II investigated such concepts and issues as functionalism, regional integration, interdependence, the global civil society and NGOs as a theoretical tool to explore this research problem. These issues and concepts have indeed proven to be pertinent. Indeed, the Asian Charter of Human Rights (1996) was drafted as an embodiment of these issues and concepts and as a prospective step toward establishing a regional human rights arrangement in East Asia.
Chapter III examined the impacts of globalization on human rights by first presenting the expanding worldwide acceptance of the universality of human rights. That chapter illustrated the relative significance of international human rights treaties and UN human rights mechanisms and procedures. In addition, it demonstrated how the U.S. and other major countries have contributed to the internationalization of human rights by their human rights diplomacy and developmental aid policies.
Chapter IV examined existing regional human rights mechanisms in Europe, the Americas and Africa in order to determine whether their past experience might be relevant for prospective institutions in East Asia. It also investigated current human rights situations in East Asian countries in order to demonstrate why regional human rights promotion and protection arrangements are necessary and useful in the region and to assess whether they meet specific conditions associated with the establishment of a RIGO.
Later sections of chapter IV examined past initiatives taken to set up regional human rights arrangement in other sub-regions of Asia such as ASEAN, SAARC and in the South Pacific. The concluding section of chapter IV investigated the attitudes, activities and outlooks of NGOs indige-