We have chosen to collaborate on this book because we have each seen from our differing starting points the need for something like this in the available planning literature. Richard Schneider comes at this with a long-standing academic interest in crime and environmental design, reinforced by research and practice collaborations with both police and planning professionals in Florida and by a sabbatical period at UMIST in Manchester in 1995/96 looking at British practice in the field. Ted Kitchen comes at it very much from the planning practitioner's perspective, having tried (if such a grand claim can be made) during his time as City Planning Officer of Manchester from 1989 to 1995 to make that City's planning service more community-orientated and discovering as a result that this field was one of considerable concern to local communities, if not typically to planners. Both of us observed from these differing starting points the ways in which these concerns generated considerable controversy and influenced decisions about the approaches adopted to the redevelopment of Hulme in Manchester in the early and mid-1990s, which is one of the case studies in Chapter 8 of this book. And both of us subsequently, in collaborating on common teaching projects at our two universities, where we used email exchanges to swap results between our groups of students, became aware not only of the absence of much useful textual material for students and practitioners but also of the need for improved understanding on both sides of the Atlantic of what was being done and written in the USA and in Britain before its uncritical application. Hence this book.
Transatlantic writing collaborations are not especially common, and they bring some fairly obvious difficulties in their wake. The old saw about 'two nations divided by a common language' certainly applies to an endeavour of this nature, and it was reinforced by an early recognition of the fact that we each had naturally rather different writing styles. Rather than go for some sort of mid-Atlantic compromise (whatever watery solution that might entail), we decided not to worry about that but instead to concentrate on covering the agreed ground, adopting broadly common structures for each chapter, so that at least the approach was common, and then exchanging drafts for comment as critical friends. So, Richard Schneider took the lead in respect of Chapters 1 and 3-6 and Ted Kitchen took the lead in respect of the Introduction and Chapters 2 and 7-10. Ted Kitchen then took responsibility for ensuring that all the text was in British rather than American English, it being the view of all the parties to this endeavour that our readers would