Chinese-Japanese Relations in the Twenty-First Century: Complementarity and Conflict

By Marie Söderberg | Go to book overview

4

Sino-Japanese relations and ballistic missile defence (BMD)

Christopher W. Hughes


Introduction: Japan and the strategic implications of BMD

Japan and BMD

On 25 December 1998, the National Security Council of Japan approved the initiation of cooperative technological research with the United States (US) into ballistic missile defence (BMD) systems. 1 This Japanese cabinet decision was then followed on 16 August 1999 by an 'Exchange of Notes Concerning a Programme for Cooperative Research on Ballistic Missile Technologies' between the governments of Japan and the US. 2 In accordance with these agreements, the Japanese government committed itself to cooperative technological research into providing a shield for Japan against ballistic missile attack, to provide initial funding in the 1999 budget of yen 16 million for general research into BMD and the modality of Japan's defence, and another yen 962 million into four key technologies associated with Japan's possible participation in the Navy Theatre Wide Defence (NTWD) component of BMD (explained in more detail below). 3 In the 2000 budget, a further yen 2.05 billion was earmarked for research into these four technologies. 4 The Japan Defence Agency (JDA), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) and other government policy-makers stress that the BMD project remains purely at the research stage, and that separate government decisions will be necessary before any progression is made towards the stages of development, production and deployment. Nevertheless, even at the research phase it is clear that both Japanese policy-makers involved with BMD and outsider commentators alike envisage a host of problems associated with the project at each potential stage of its development, which have implications for Japan's entire security policy. 5

BMD, or theatre missile defence (TMD) as it is still most commonly referred to in Japan and the US - much to the exasperation of Japanese government officials who wish to draw a distinction between US TMD projects, designed to protect US forces despatched to overseas theatres and allied states, and Japan's own BMD, designed with the stated intention of protecting only Japanese national territory, but which necessarily would have the near simultaneous function of protecting US forces stationed in Japan - generates a number of concerns for Japanese policy-makers. These include questions over the technological

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Chinese-Japanese Relations in the Twenty-First Century: Complementarity and Conflict
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables and Figures vii
  • Preface xi
  • Abbreviations xiii
  • Note on Names xv
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 9
  • 1 - Mirror for the Future or the History Card? 10
  • 2 - Sino-Japanese Relations in the Context of the Beijing-Tokyo- Washington Triangle 32
  • 3 - Engagement Japanese Style 52
  • 4 - Sino-Japanese Relations and Ballistic Missile Defence (Bmd) 69
  • 5 - The Taiwan Question 88
  • 6 - The Background and Trend of the Partnership 103
  • 7 - The Role of Oda in the Relationship 114
  • 8 - Economic Relations 130
  • 9 - Japanese Firms in China 154
  • 10 - Managing the Global-Local Dilemma 177
  • Index 195
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