Chapter 9

Sometimes I'll start a sentence in Spanishy termino en español:toward a typology of code-switching

SHANA POPLACK


Preface

Reprinting a 20-year old paper is a risky business, especially one interpreted or misinterpreted in as many ways as Sometimes I'll start a sentence…has been. I have none the less accepted the invitation to reproduce it virtually unchanged, prefaced only by this brief attempt to situate it in the context of what we know now, thanks to two decades of corroborative research in a variety of bilingual communities and language pairs, about code-switching and lexical borrowing.

Sometimes I'll start a sentence…represented a first attempt to delineate, for quantitative analytical purposes, what has turned out to be the fundamental distinction in language mixing: that between code-switching and borrowing. This was manifest in the contrast between those English-origin items which, despite their etymology, function morphologically and syntactically as though they were Spanish (borrowings), and those retaining the inflections and syntactic characteristics of their lexifier language (code-switches) (Section 2, especially Table 9.1). It was also evident in the conception of the free morpheme constraint-essentially a preliminary formulation of the claim, now amply confirmed-that the (nonce) borrowings and the (single-word) switches in a corpus of bilingual discourse may be identified and operationally distinguished from each other.

We know much more about the relevant criteria for delimiting borrowing and code-switching now than we did 20 years ago. For example, phonological integration need not go hand in hand with morphological integration, although this was usually the case in the Puerto Rican-English context studied here. In many bilingual communities, phonological integration of loanwords is highly variable, and this is also foreshadowed in Sections 2 and 6.3, disqualifying

-221-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Bilingualism Reader
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 541

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.