The Cambridge Handbook of the Social Sciences in Australia

By Ian McAllister; Steve Dowrick et al. | Go to book overview

to their management; these changes are sometimes encapsulated in the term 'the new evaluative state' (Neave 1998). The emphasis on performance indicators has emerged from reforms within the public sector, where it was designed to increase efficiency and accountability, and to reduce costs and perceived waste (Hood and Scott 1996). Governments have progressively extended these new evaluative mechanisms to universities in most of the advanced societies, to foster better strategic planning and enterprise.The underlying assumption is that market competition within and between universities provides a more effective means of regulation and control than traditional models of academic collegiality.

How the social sciences will respond to these major challenges remains to be seen. What is clear is that the degree of social change in the twentieth century and, to an even greater extent, the prospects for change in the twenty-first, greatly enhance the importance of the social sciences to modern society.The revolutions in global communications and information, the collapse of communism and the triumph of democracy, and the increasing reliance on the free market to regulate and modernise society at a time when inequalities are increasing, all present major problems – and opportunities – for social scientists. How the social sciences act to deal with these problems, and, to an even greater degree, how their solutions are received by politicians and policy-makers, may in many respects shape the development of the social sciences for many decades to come.


References

Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia. 1998. Challenges for the Social Sciences and Australia. 2 vols. Canberra: AGPS.

Aitkin, D.A. 1985. 'Political science in Australia: Development and situation' in Surveys of Australian Political Science. Edited by D.A. Aitkin. Sydney: Allen and Unwin.

Ashley, D., and D.M. Orenstein. 2001. Sociological Theory. New York: Allyn and Bacon.

Baldock, C.V. 1994. 'Sociology in Australia and New Zealand' in International Handbook of Contemporary Developments in Sociology. Edited by R.R. Mohan and A.S.Wilke.Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Baxter, J., and T. McGee. 2001. The Australian Sociological Association Directory 2001. Brisbane: Australian Sociological Association.

Bourke, H. 1981. Sociology and the social sciences in Australia, 1912–1928. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Sociology 17:26–35.

Dogan, M., and R. Pahre. 1990. Creative Marginality:Innovation at the Intersections of Social Sciences. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Galligan, B. 1984.The state of Australian political thought. Politics 19:82–92.

Haralambos, M., R. van Krieken, P. Smith and M. Holborn. 1996. Sociology:Themes and Perspectives (Australian Edition). Melbourne: Addison Wesley Longman Cheshire.

Hood, C., and C. Scott. 1996. Bureaucratic regulation and new public management in the United Kingdom: Mirror-image developments? Journal of Law and Society 23:321–45.

Katz, J.S. 1999. Bibliometric Indicators and the Social Sciences. Swindon: Economic and Social Research Council.

Kuhn, T. 1962. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Mancias, P.T. 1991. 'The social science disciplines:The American model' in Discourses on Society:The Shaping of the Social Science Disciplines. Edited by P.Wagner, B.Wittrock and R.Whitley. London: Kluwer.

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The Cambridge Handbook of the Social Sciences in Australia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents v
  • Figures and Tables vii
  • Contributors x
  • Preface and Acknowledgements xviii
  • Introduction 1
  • References 13
  • Part 1 - Economics 15
  • Chapter 1 - Privatisation 17
  • References 27
  • Chapter 2 - Competition Policy and Regulation 31
  • References 40
  • Chapter 3 - Economics and the Environment 45
  • References 57
  • Chapter 4 - Health Economics 60
  • References 70
  • Chapter 5 - Immigration 74
  • References 87
  • Chapter 6 - Labour Market and Industrial Relations 94
  • References 113
  • Chapter 7 - Income Distribution and Redistribution 118
  • References 134
  • Chapter 8 - Taxation 138
  • References 148
  • Chapter 9 - Innovation 153
  • References 165
  • Chapter 10 - International Trade and Industry Policies 168
  • References 180
  • Chapter 11 - The Macro Economy 186
  • Notes 199
  • References 200
  • Chapter 12 - Money and Banking 203
  • References 216
  • Part 2 - Political Science 221
  • Chapter 13 - Political Theory 223
  • References 231
  • Chapter 14 - Federalism and the Constitution 234
  • References 246
  • Chapter 15 - Legislative Institutions 249
  • References 260
  • Chapter 16 - Political Parties and Electoral Behaviour 266
  • References 283
  • Chapter 17 - Electoral Systems 287
  • References 302
  • Chapter 18 - Gender Politics 305
  • References 319
  • Chapter 19 - Interest Groups and Social Movements 323
  • References 339
  • Chapter 20 - Environmental Policy and Politics 345
  • References 355
  • Chapter 21 - International Relations 358
  • Notes 368
  • References 369
  • Chapter 22 - Political Economy 374
  • References 391
  • Chapter 23 - Public Policy and Public Administration 406
  • References 422
  • Part 3 - Sociology 431
  • Chapter 24 - Patterns of Social Inequality 433
  • References 457
  • Chapter 25 - Families and Households 462
  • References 477
  • Chapter 26 - Gender Perspectives 480
  • References 493
  • Chapter 27 - Work and Employment 499
  • Notes 511
  • References 512
  • Chapter 28 - Crime and Deviance 518
  • References 531
  • Chapter 29 - Health and Illness 536
  • References 552
  • Chapter 30 - Population 554
  • References 569
  • Chapter 31 - Race, Ethnicity and Immigration 573
  • Notes 585
  • References 586
  • Chapter 32 - Urban and Regional Sociology 590
  • Reference 598
  • Chapter 33 - Rural Sociology 604
  • Reference 619
  • Chapter 34 - Religion and Spirituality 626
  • Reference 632
  • Chapter 35 - Cultural Studies, Australian Studies and Cultural Sociology 638
  • References 651
  • Chapter 36 - Sociological Theory 654
  • References 664
  • Chapter 37 - Social Policy and Social Welfare 666
  • References 674
  • Author Index 678
  • Subject Index 696
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