The Cambridge Handbook of the Social Sciences in Australia

By Ian McAllister; Steve Dowrick et al. | Go to book overview

Commission and the Australia Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics, or in economic consulting companies staffed by former senior public servants, leaving academics freer to concentrate on research and on teaching the next generation of economists.


Notes

Without implicating him, thanks are due to Richard Snape for helpful comments on an earlier draft.

1
In 1999 Australia was ranked twenty-sixth, according to the World Bank Atlas method of measuring GNP per capita (or twentieth using the World Bank's purchasing power parity method) – not counting the several rich countries with fewer than 1 million people (World Bank 2000b).
2
Earlier literature surveys can be found in Corden (1968) for writings up to the mid-1960s and, for the next decade, in Gruen (1978, 1983) and especially Lloyd (1978), Edwards and Watson (1978) and Smith (1983).
3
In fact the increased demand for non-tradables (and other products) would begin as soon as expectations about future income prospects rose, which could be well before the mining export boom shows up in the trade statistics in the case where the exports are preceded by FDI inflows for investments with a long lead-time (Corden 1982).
4
ERAs have been estimated for all Australian manufacturing industries at the two-digit, threedigit and four-digit levels of disaggregation each year since 1968–69, for all rural industries since 1970–71, and occasionally also for mining industries (whose ERAs are close to or below zero). Details can be freely downloaded from the website of Australia's Productivity Commission at http://www.pc.gov.au.The commission also estimates and publishes the consumer-tax equivalent of industry-assistance policy measures including the tariff.The availability of such comprehensive estimates of ERAs has made it easier to use the economics of politics to explain the intrasectoral pattern of assistance to industries, as in Anderson (1980).
5
That transparency agency had an increasingly influential role within the government and in the wider community from the late 1960s until the 1980s (Glezer 1982, Warhurst 1982, Rattigan 1986), and it remains very influential today through publishing rational economic analyses on an ever-wider range of microeconomic policy issues.
6
See Arndt (1965), Snape (1984) and Anderson (1999). This and many other aspects of the history of Australia's trade policy are detailed in Crawford (1968) and Snape, Gropp and Luttrell (1998). A political scientist's perspective on Australia's engagement with the GATT/WTO is available in Capling (2001).

References

Anderson, K. 1980.The political market for government assistance to Australian manufacturing industries. Economic Record 56(153):132–44.

Anderson, K. 1987. 'Tariffs and the manufacturing sector' in The Australian Economy in the Long Run. Edited by R. Maddock and I. McLean. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.

Anderson, K. 1995. 'Australia's changing trade pattern and growth performance' in Australia's Trade Policies. Edited by R. Pomfret. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Anderson, K. 1999.The WTO agenda for the new millennium. Economic Record 75(228):77–88.

Anderson, K. 2001. 'Australia in the international economy' in Reshaping Australia's Economy: Growth with Equity and Sustainability. Edited by J. Nieuwenhuysen, P.J. Lloyd and M. Mead. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.

-180-

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The Cambridge Handbook of the Social Sciences in Australia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents v
  • Figures and Tables vii
  • Contributors x
  • Preface and Acknowledgements xviii
  • Introduction 1
  • References 13
  • Part 1 - Economics 15
  • Chapter 1 - Privatisation 17
  • References 27
  • Chapter 2 - Competition Policy and Regulation 31
  • References 40
  • Chapter 3 - Economics and the Environment 45
  • References 57
  • Chapter 4 - Health Economics 60
  • References 70
  • Chapter 5 - Immigration 74
  • References 87
  • Chapter 6 - Labour Market and Industrial Relations 94
  • References 113
  • Chapter 7 - Income Distribution and Redistribution 118
  • References 134
  • Chapter 8 - Taxation 138
  • References 148
  • Chapter 9 - Innovation 153
  • References 165
  • Chapter 10 - International Trade and Industry Policies 168
  • References 180
  • Chapter 11 - The Macro Economy 186
  • Notes 199
  • References 200
  • Chapter 12 - Money and Banking 203
  • References 216
  • Part 2 - Political Science 221
  • Chapter 13 - Political Theory 223
  • References 231
  • Chapter 14 - Federalism and the Constitution 234
  • References 246
  • Chapter 15 - Legislative Institutions 249
  • References 260
  • Chapter 16 - Political Parties and Electoral Behaviour 266
  • References 283
  • Chapter 17 - Electoral Systems 287
  • References 302
  • Chapter 18 - Gender Politics 305
  • References 319
  • Chapter 19 - Interest Groups and Social Movements 323
  • References 339
  • Chapter 20 - Environmental Policy and Politics 345
  • References 355
  • Chapter 21 - International Relations 358
  • Notes 368
  • References 369
  • Chapter 22 - Political Economy 374
  • References 391
  • Chapter 23 - Public Policy and Public Administration 406
  • References 422
  • Part 3 - Sociology 431
  • Chapter 24 - Patterns of Social Inequality 433
  • References 457
  • Chapter 25 - Families and Households 462
  • References 477
  • Chapter 26 - Gender Perspectives 480
  • References 493
  • Chapter 27 - Work and Employment 499
  • Notes 511
  • References 512
  • Chapter 28 - Crime and Deviance 518
  • References 531
  • Chapter 29 - Health and Illness 536
  • References 552
  • Chapter 30 - Population 554
  • References 569
  • Chapter 31 - Race, Ethnicity and Immigration 573
  • Notes 585
  • References 586
  • Chapter 32 - Urban and Regional Sociology 590
  • Reference 598
  • Chapter 33 - Rural Sociology 604
  • Reference 619
  • Chapter 34 - Religion and Spirituality 626
  • Reference 632
  • Chapter 35 - Cultural Studies, Australian Studies and Cultural Sociology 638
  • References 651
  • Chapter 36 - Sociological Theory 654
  • References 664
  • Chapter 37 - Social Policy and Social Welfare 666
  • References 674
  • Author Index 678
  • Subject Index 696
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