The Cambridge Handbook of the Social Sciences in Australia

By Ian McAllister; Steve Dowrick et al. | Go to book overview

business sense, or becoming bogged down in the sameness–difference debate concerning the best legal treatment of women, Harper focuses on 'bank's advantage'. In the present climate, banks obtain risk-free loans with almost no obligations towards the party who takes on the risk and gains no financial advantage, the women who become guarantors for their male partners. Despite claims that young men are different from their fathers, Donna Chung's doctoral thesis on violence in young people's sexual relationships identifies the tensions of pseudomutuality. Young women 'know' they are equal with men, and so must deploy a range of strategies to explain (away) violence and inequality.They claim their greater maturity in doing the emotion work of which men are incapable; they suggest that the violence they have experienced (always in a past relationship) has made them a better person.

These strategies, which lay all explanatory power on individual behaviours rather than the structures of sexuality, allow the practice of masculinity to proceed largely unchallenged (for example, see Chung 2002). Chung's research indicates that young women's subjectivities are different in the so-called postfeminist age. How women born since women's liberation understand themselves, their politics and their futures is a growing research area. Anita Harris (1999, 2001) has studied young feminist women's politics as expressed in fanzines and Internet exchanges, noting that their double denigration as 'youth' and 'female' makes young women suspicious of adult culture, including corporate culture.

Indeed, it will be interesting to see what young women make of their adult worlds. Despite thirty years of feminist research and women's movement activism, gender relations remain deeply embedded, in our practices (the failure of many men to overcome their aggressive responses to women), our psyches (the persistence of the 'good mother' stereotype) and our public discourse (notions of sexual difference justify inequality). However, young women do have different experiences, particularly of education and paid work, and alternative subjectivities; for example, their presumption of gender equality and an apparently greater tolerance of difference.They, too, will live in interesting times.


Notes

I would like to thank Lois Bryson and Cora Baldock for their reflections on feminism in Australian sociology.

1
Recognised as a specifically Australian contribution to international feminist knowledge in

Barrett (1988:xxix) and a special issue of Hypatia:A Journal of Feminist Philosophy (15(2), Spring 2000) called Going Australian: Reconfiguring Feminism and Philosophy, which identifies Australian 'corporeal feminists'.


References

Albury, R. 1999. The Politics of Reproduction:Thinking Beyond the Slogans. Sydney: Allen and Unwin.

Alcorso, C. 1993. 'And I'd like to thank my wife …': Gender dynamics and the ethnic family business. Australian Feminist Studies 17:93–6, 101–6.

-493-

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The Cambridge Handbook of the Social Sciences in Australia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents v
  • Figures and Tables vii
  • Contributors x
  • Preface and Acknowledgements xviii
  • Introduction 1
  • References 13
  • Part 1 - Economics 15
  • Chapter 1 - Privatisation 17
  • References 27
  • Chapter 2 - Competition Policy and Regulation 31
  • References 40
  • Chapter 3 - Economics and the Environment 45
  • References 57
  • Chapter 4 - Health Economics 60
  • References 70
  • Chapter 5 - Immigration 74
  • References 87
  • Chapter 6 - Labour Market and Industrial Relations 94
  • References 113
  • Chapter 7 - Income Distribution and Redistribution 118
  • References 134
  • Chapter 8 - Taxation 138
  • References 148
  • Chapter 9 - Innovation 153
  • References 165
  • Chapter 10 - International Trade and Industry Policies 168
  • References 180
  • Chapter 11 - The Macro Economy 186
  • Notes 199
  • References 200
  • Chapter 12 - Money and Banking 203
  • References 216
  • Part 2 - Political Science 221
  • Chapter 13 - Political Theory 223
  • References 231
  • Chapter 14 - Federalism and the Constitution 234
  • References 246
  • Chapter 15 - Legislative Institutions 249
  • References 260
  • Chapter 16 - Political Parties and Electoral Behaviour 266
  • References 283
  • Chapter 17 - Electoral Systems 287
  • References 302
  • Chapter 18 - Gender Politics 305
  • References 319
  • Chapter 19 - Interest Groups and Social Movements 323
  • References 339
  • Chapter 20 - Environmental Policy and Politics 345
  • References 355
  • Chapter 21 - International Relations 358
  • Notes 368
  • References 369
  • Chapter 22 - Political Economy 374
  • References 391
  • Chapter 23 - Public Policy and Public Administration 406
  • References 422
  • Part 3 - Sociology 431
  • Chapter 24 - Patterns of Social Inequality 433
  • References 457
  • Chapter 25 - Families and Households 462
  • References 477
  • Chapter 26 - Gender Perspectives 480
  • References 493
  • Chapter 27 - Work and Employment 499
  • Notes 511
  • References 512
  • Chapter 28 - Crime and Deviance 518
  • References 531
  • Chapter 29 - Health and Illness 536
  • References 552
  • Chapter 30 - Population 554
  • References 569
  • Chapter 31 - Race, Ethnicity and Immigration 573
  • Notes 585
  • References 586
  • Chapter 32 - Urban and Regional Sociology 590
  • Reference 598
  • Chapter 33 - Rural Sociology 604
  • Reference 619
  • Chapter 34 - Religion and Spirituality 626
  • Reference 632
  • Chapter 35 - Cultural Studies, Australian Studies and Cultural Sociology 638
  • References 651
  • Chapter 36 - Sociological Theory 654
  • References 664
  • Chapter 37 - Social Policy and Social Welfare 666
  • References 674
  • Author Index 678
  • Subject Index 696
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