The Cambridge Handbook of the Social Sciences in Australia

By Ian McAllister; Steve Dowrick et al. | Go to book overview

the Accounting for Tastes project for Britain. Other cultural research on Australia is coming from Australian expatriates, some of whom completed their doctorates in the US or Britain and have never had an academic posting in Australia. The work of sociologist Lyn Spillman on centennials and bicentennials in Australia and the US is one example. Drawing on Edward Shils's (1975) centre/periphery opposition, Spillman (1997) examines the role of elites in organising such events of collective memory and their relation to the various groups within the nation. While the centennial and bicentennial celebrations in each nation had the common objective of promoting unity among its members, there were considerable differences in the commemorative themes. For example, in Australia international recognition was much more important than in the US, although founding -moment history was considered much more important to Americans. In imagining the nation, Americans treated political values as core, while in contrast, Australians gave considerable attention to the land. In both countries there was a growing awareness of the problematic nature of national commemoration and moves to more celebratory modes of remembrance that used relatively diffuse and inclusive political rhetoric.

While only in its infancy, cultural sociology seems set to provide a strong alternative perspective for the analysis of Australia culture. One major advantage is that it is untainted by the 'discipline wars' of Australian studies and cultural studies (Turner 1996). Despite evident strengths, Australian studies is dogged by its suspicion of theory, its past-orientation, and its desire to map and perhaps promote a unique Australian nationalism. While cultural studies is theoretically strong and often imaginative, it remains dogged by a methodological and political stance that has prevented it from attaining due policy relevance in Australia. By contrast, Australian cultural sociology is open to an engagement with theory as well as the nation, but not to the extent of wearing its political heart on its sleeve. Cultural sociology also has the strong suit of a disciplinary grounding. While it has been fashionable, since at least the 1950s, to endorse the benefits of interdisciplinary research and teaching, the reality is that much of the best work continues to occur within established disciplines and by scholars who were educated within them. If cultural sociology continues to draw inspiration from contending paradigms and wed this to its own trumps in cultural theory, disciplinarity and methods, it will have a strong hand to play over the next few decades in the ceaseless activity of interpreting Australia.


References

Althusser, L. 1966. For Marx. London: Allen Lane.

Althusser, L. 1971. Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays. London: New Left Books.

Barthes, Roland. 1957. Mythologies. London: Cape.

Barthes, Roland. 1975. The Pleasure of the Text. London: Cape.

Bean, C.E.W. 1934. The Story of Anzac: From 4 May, 1915, to the Evacuation of the Gallipoli Peninsula. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.

Bean, Clive. 1993. Conservative cynicism – political culture in Australia. International Journal of Public Opinion Research 5(1):58–77.

Bennett, T. 1998. Culture:A Reformer's Science. Sydney: Allen and Unwin.

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The Cambridge Handbook of the Social Sciences in Australia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents v
  • Figures and Tables vii
  • Contributors x
  • Preface and Acknowledgements xviii
  • Introduction 1
  • References 13
  • Part 1 - Economics 15
  • Chapter 1 - Privatisation 17
  • References 27
  • Chapter 2 - Competition Policy and Regulation 31
  • References 40
  • Chapter 3 - Economics and the Environment 45
  • References 57
  • Chapter 4 - Health Economics 60
  • References 70
  • Chapter 5 - Immigration 74
  • References 87
  • Chapter 6 - Labour Market and Industrial Relations 94
  • References 113
  • Chapter 7 - Income Distribution and Redistribution 118
  • References 134
  • Chapter 8 - Taxation 138
  • References 148
  • Chapter 9 - Innovation 153
  • References 165
  • Chapter 10 - International Trade and Industry Policies 168
  • References 180
  • Chapter 11 - The Macro Economy 186
  • Notes 199
  • References 200
  • Chapter 12 - Money and Banking 203
  • References 216
  • Part 2 - Political Science 221
  • Chapter 13 - Political Theory 223
  • References 231
  • Chapter 14 - Federalism and the Constitution 234
  • References 246
  • Chapter 15 - Legislative Institutions 249
  • References 260
  • Chapter 16 - Political Parties and Electoral Behaviour 266
  • References 283
  • Chapter 17 - Electoral Systems 287
  • References 302
  • Chapter 18 - Gender Politics 305
  • References 319
  • Chapter 19 - Interest Groups and Social Movements 323
  • References 339
  • Chapter 20 - Environmental Policy and Politics 345
  • References 355
  • Chapter 21 - International Relations 358
  • Notes 368
  • References 369
  • Chapter 22 - Political Economy 374
  • References 391
  • Chapter 23 - Public Policy and Public Administration 406
  • References 422
  • Part 3 - Sociology 431
  • Chapter 24 - Patterns of Social Inequality 433
  • References 457
  • Chapter 25 - Families and Households 462
  • References 477
  • Chapter 26 - Gender Perspectives 480
  • References 493
  • Chapter 27 - Work and Employment 499
  • Notes 511
  • References 512
  • Chapter 28 - Crime and Deviance 518
  • References 531
  • Chapter 29 - Health and Illness 536
  • References 552
  • Chapter 30 - Population 554
  • References 569
  • Chapter 31 - Race, Ethnicity and Immigration 573
  • Notes 585
  • References 586
  • Chapter 32 - Urban and Regional Sociology 590
  • Reference 598
  • Chapter 33 - Rural Sociology 604
  • Reference 619
  • Chapter 34 - Religion and Spirituality 626
  • Reference 632
  • Chapter 35 - Cultural Studies, Australian Studies and Cultural Sociology 638
  • References 651
  • Chapter 36 - Sociological Theory 654
  • References 664
  • Chapter 37 - Social Policy and Social Welfare 666
  • References 674
  • Author Index 678
  • Subject Index 696
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