modest progress since the original intentions were noted. Progress has been made along a fairly broad front and pollution levels are rarely excessive outside the blackspots, where much work has been done over the past four years. However, the complexity of the Romanian transition means that careful consideration must always be given to job security.
The high cost of an improved environment in East Central Europe generally (ECU300bln over fifteen years) could put a brake on progress towards EU membership. EU environmental legislation is complex and specialised, making it difficult for all candidate countries to fall into line. And since the population is tired of shock therapy after the traumas of the Ceauşescu era, the government has read the public mood correctly in maintaining a gradual reform process. Limited resourcing for environmental action has however enabled policy action to move in the right direction with international cooperation and some environmental education to stimulate public awareness. However, much more needs to be done, since the European Parliament's 'Resolution on Romania' in October 2000 emphasised the need for enforcement of the 'strictest European criteria' in the environmental domain when the reopening of enterprises in the Baia Mare area is considered. It also asks the Romanian authorities to remove obstacles in the field of environmental protection in general.
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