Environmental Problems of East Central Europe

By F. W. Carter; David Turnock | Go to book overview

become impossible for politicians to interpret environmentalists' demands as based on trivial dreams. Here modest but forceful environmental organisations could play a vital role in ensuring that greater attention is paid to improving the environment of the future. Fortunately, some constructive evidence is emerging thanks to the potential integration of some ECECs into supranational organisations like the European Union. Candidate countries have delayed the adoption of the EU environmental policy, thus making it more difficult to arrange an accession timetable. However, short and well-defined transitional periods for environmental improvement after membership could provide welcome flexibility. Issues most likely to complicate accession dialogue relate to environmental dumping and cross-border emissions; along with the regular enforcement of environmental legislation, and higher energy and raw material costs to stimulate greater efficiency (Anon., 1999a, 1999b). Let us hope there will be some improvement in the region's environmental situation once the problems of the early and most exacting years of the transformation period have been overcome.


References

a
Ågren, C. (2000) 'Effects of the new protocol', Acid News, 1 (March), pp.8-10.
Anon. (1998a) 'Environmental policy: Kyoto 1997', The Economist, 7 November, p.109.
Anon. (1998b) 'Emissions - top ten emitters in 1995', Acid News, 2 (June), p.20.
Anon. (1999a) 'Mixed from Czechs', Acid News, 2 (June), p.9.
Anon. (1999b) 'Eastern Europe's environment: clean up or clear out', The Economist, 11 December, p.46.

b
Baker, B. and Jehlička, P. (1998) 'Dilemmas of transition: the environment, democracy and economic reform in East Central Europe - an introduction', in S. Baker and P. Jehlička (eds) Dilemmas of Transition: The Environment, Democracy and EconomicReform in East Central Europe, London: Frank Cass, pp.1-26.
Bluffstone, R. and Larson, B. A. (eds) (1997) Controlling Pollution in Transition Economies:Theories and Methods, Cheltenham/Northampton, MA: Elgar.

c
Cofala, J., Kurz, R. and Amann, M. (1997) Application of the Current EU Air EmissionsStandards to the Central and Eastern European Countries: An Integrated Assessment of the Environmental Effect, Final Report to the European Environmental Agency, IIASA, Luxenburg.

d
Deets, S. (1999) 'Solving the Gabičkovo-Nagymaros dam conflict', East European Studies (March-April), Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, DC, pp.3, 7.
Dorian, J. P. (1997), 'Mining - changing picture in transitional economies', MiningEngineering, January, p.13.

f
Fagin, A. and Jehlička, P. (1998) 'Sustainable development in the Czech Republic: a doomed process?' in S. Baker and P. Jehlicka (eds) Dilemmas of Transition; The Environment, Democracy and Economic Reform in East Central Europe, London: Frank Cass, pp.113-28.

g
Golubić, J., Štrumberger, N. and Jurum-Kipke, J. (1999) 'Traffic and ecological environment of Croatia as integration factor in 21st century Europe', Promet-Traffic-Traffico, 11(2-3), Portorož-Trieste-Zagreb, pp.173-8.

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Environmental Problems of East Central Europe
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Illustrations viii
  • Acknowledgement xvii
  • Abbreviations xviii
  • Part I - Context 1
  • 1 - Introduction 3
  • References 16
  • 2 - Environmental Politics and Transition 22
  • References 37
  • 3 - Environmental Movements, Nation States and Globalisation 40
  • 4 - The Central Importance of the European Union 56
  • References 89
  • 5 - The Soviet Union and the Successor States 92
  • Part II - Country Studies 117
  • 6 - Czech Republic 119
  • 7 - East Germany 139
  • References 155
  • 8 - Hungary 157
  • References 180
  • 9 - Poland 183
  • References 203
  • 10 - Slovakia 207
  • 11 - Slovenia 228
  • References 246
  • Part III - Country Studies 249
  • 12 - Albania 251
  • References 277
  • 13 - Bosnia and Hercegovina 283
  • Note 303
  • 14 - Bulgaria 305
  • 15 - Croatia 330
  • 16 - Macedonia 347
  • References 364
  • 17 - Romania 366
  • References 391
  • 18 - Yugoslavia 396
  • Part IV - Conclusion 417
  • 19 - Conclusion 419
  • References 431
  • Index 433
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