An invasion of armies can be resisted, but not an idea whose time has come.
During the 1997 season, Major League baseball celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of Jackie Robinson breaking its color barrier. In virtually every account of this event, sport was credited as one of the most progressive and discrimination-free enterprises in our society. Advocates have long claimed that sport is a unique entity in this regard because in athletics, your worth is determined by one factor; performance on the fields of play. Sport has been hailed as our country's only enterprise where everyone—black, white, red, or green—can compete on equal footing. “Sports represents pure meritocracy, where people earn what they get under conditions of perfect equality. There are no slaves and masters in baseball, no peasants and lords or gentlemen and commoners, just .200 and .300 hitters” (Gorn and Goldstein 1993, 111).
As we were told repeatedly during the coverage of this milestone baseball and civil rights event, Robinson's achievement lead to doors of opportunity being opened in many other organizations and industries. While the significance of this accomplishment should never