Writing this book was a difficult task. It could not have been completed without the help of a variety of individuals and institutions. I would like to begin with my thanks to Dr Christina Ramberg, to whom I owe the greatest debt. Dr Ramberg, Professor in the Department of Law at Gothenburg University, acted as my supervisor. I am grateful not only for her supervision at the crucial stages of this study but also for her support and confidence in my work. At several points her guidance played a crucial role in keeping the book on the right track. Her concrete advice has inspired me to think through many important issues covered by the text. Without it I would not have been able to complete this book.
I would also like to thank Professor Johnny Herre, chief of the Department of Law at Stockholm School of Economics, not only for his valuable comments and encouragement, but also for the practical arrangements that he together with Professor Ramberg worked out for me and which enabled this book to reach the final stage.
My special thanks go to those in the Department of Law at Stockholm School of Economics, especially to Professor Gunnar Karnell, Professor Leif Mutén, and Professor Eric Nerep, for their criticisms, questioning, comments, advice and encouragement. I am also grateful to Dr Örjan Sjöberg, Professor Magnus Blomström and Dr Marie Söderberg at the European Institute of Japanese Studies, and Professor Per Ronnås at the Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, for their valuable advice and comments.
I would also like to thank the following for their insights and help: Professor Michael Palmer, the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London, Robert Romlöv, lawyer at Vinge, Stefan Brocker, lawyer at Mannheimer Svartling, Sigbjörn Olsson, lawyer at Lagerlöf & Leman, Philippe König, lawyer at Houthoff, Peter Johansson at Gothenburg University and Ulf Franke, Secretary General at the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce. My thanks also go to a number of people who helped me in many different ways in the early stages of this study. I would like to convey my gratitude especially to Professor Hugo Tiberg, Dr Mats Tullberg, Dr Robert Pålsson, Dr Rolf Dotevall, and Professor Håkan Hydén. It is impossible for me to list the names of all the lawyers and scholars with whom I discussed Chinese