Research Methods for Organizational Studies

By Donald P. Schwab | Go to book overview

19
On Causal Models and
On Causal Modelsand

Chapter Outline
Causal Models
Illustrative Data Set
Evaluating Causal Models
Four Illustrative Models
Direct Effects Models
Mediated Models
Moderated Models
Subgrouping
Moderated Regression
Centering
A Final Requirement
Hierarchical Models
A Closing Caution
Summary
For Review
Terms to Know
Questions for Review
Suggested Readings

This chapter introduces statistical modeling: the study of the structure of scores on variables using statistics and statistical inference. Multiple correlation and regression serve as the statistics throughout, consistent with the statistical methods covered in the book. The chapter also explains how statistical inference is used in the modeling process.

The chapter is also consistent with the orientation of the book—namely, that empirical research most often is aimed at causal understanding (chapter 2). Thus, it focuses on using

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