On Causal Models and
On Causal Modelsand
|•||Four Illustrative Models|
|•||A Closing Caution|
This chapter introduces statistical modeling: the study of the structure of scores on variables using statistics and statistical inference. Multiple correlation and regression serve as the statistics throughout, consistent with the statistical methods covered in the book. The chapter also explains how statistical inference is used in the modeling process.
The chapter is also consistent with the orientation of the book—namely, that empirical research most often is aimed at causal understanding (chapter 2). Thus, it focuses on using