Crusade Propaganda and Ideology: Model Sermons for the Preaching of the Cross

By Christoph T. Maier | Go to book overview

5
NOTES ON THE TRANSCRIPTION AND TRANSLATION

When editing a medieval document, the principles chosen for the transcription of the manuscript text must be determined in accordance with the purpose of the transcription. One of the principal interests of this study is the question of how crusade sermon models were used and turned into actual sermons by preachers of the cross. It is, therefore, more relevant to reproduce a version of each model as it appears in a manuscript than to assemble an 'authoritative' text based on an 'original' version or the 'best' readings of all the different variants and strands of textual transmission. The idea is to obtain a version of each model such as would have been used by a medieval preacher. For most of the crusade sermon models collected here, the different manuscript versions show very few significant differences that are not due to various types of scribal errors. Even where there exists a great number of manuscripts, which is the case for the models by James of Vitry, Gilbert of Tournai and Humbert of Romans, I have not been able to discern stemmatic traditions that, in terms of their content, yield significantly different versions of the models in question. The only exception concerns Bertrand de la Tour's models, which survived in three distinct versions of varying length.1

The texts reproduced here come close to what David d'Avray has called a 'critical transcription'.2 For each sermon model one manuscript was chosen to supply the basic text. This was compared with all other known versions in the case of Eudes of Châteauroux's and Bertrand de la Tour's sermon models, for which only few manuscripts survive. For

____________________
1
See below pp. 78–9.
2
D. L. d'Avray, Death and the Prince. Memorial Preaching before 1350 (Oxford, 1994), 8–10.

-71-

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Crusade Propaganda and Ideology: Model Sermons for the Preaching of the Cross
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgements vii
  • Abbreviations viii
  • Part I 1
  • 1 - The Authors, the Sermons and Their Context 3
  • 2 - Crusade Sermons and Crusade Model Sermons 17
  • 3 - The Texts and Their Structure 32
  • 4 - Portraying the Crusade 51
  • Part II 69
  • 5 - Notes on the Transcription and Translation 71
  • 6 - The Manuscripts 74
  • 7 - The Sermons 81
  • James of Vitry - Sermo I 82
  • James of Vitry - Sermon I 83
  • James of Vitry - Sermo II 100
  • James of Vitry - Sermon II 101
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermo I 128
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermon I 129
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermo II 144
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermon II 145
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermo III 152
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermon III 153
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermo IV 160
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermon IV 161
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermo V 166
  • Eudes of Chaâteauroux - Sermon V 167
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermo I 176
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermon I 177
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermo II 192
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermon II 193
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermo III 198
  • Gilbert of Tournai - Sermon III 199
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermo I 210
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermon I 211
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermo II 216
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermon II 217
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermo III 222
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermon III 223
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermo IV 228
  • Herbert of Romans - Sermon IV 229
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermo I 230
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermon I 231
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermo II 236
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermon II 237
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermo III 242
  • Bertrand De La Tour - Sermon III 243
  • Appendix: the Relationship Between the Crusade Model Sermons of Gilbert of Tournai and James of Vitry 250
  • Bibliography 264
  • Index of Biblical Citations 272
  • General Index 278
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