BETWEEN THE CRUSADE MODEL
SERMONS OF GILBERT OF TOURNAI
AND JAMES OF VITRY
THE DEPENDENCE of Gilbert of Tournai's ad status sermon models on those of James of Vitry has been noted before. In his study of Gilbert's Collectio de scandalis ecclesiae, Autbert Stroick for the first time clearly showed that Gilbert must have used James of Vitry's ad status collection for the Collectio as well as for his own ad status models.1 David d'Avray and Martin Tausche described in some detail Gilbert's reliance on James for his marriage sermons.2 Nicole Bériou did the same for the ad leprosos sermons.3 While he sometimes took over entire passages word for word, Gilbert was far from simply copying James's text. There is agreement that Gilbert used James's material very imaginatively. He usually designed his own model sermon with regard to both content and structure. He was fairly selective in choosing passages from James and often re-arranged them in a new order. In contrast to James of Vitry, Gilbert generally used a rigid scheme for ordering his argument. Bériou rightly pointed out that this was probably due to the influence of the mid-thirteenth-century university environment in which Gilbert wrote.4 With their clear structure and systematic use of distinctions, Gilbert's models certainly have a 'scholastic' feel to them.
The judgements pronounced on the resulting sermon texts vary. Studying the marriage sermons, d'Avray and Tausche were cautious____________________