Pesticide Use during the Gulf War: A Survey of Gulf War Veterans

By Ronald D. Fricker Jr.; Elaine Reardon et al. | Go to book overview

Appendix B
DEFINITION OF THE SAMPLING FRAME AND SAMPLE

The sample was drawn from records of Army, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Navy personnel who were reported to have served in ODS/DS between August 1, 1990, and July 31, 1991. These records were subset to those personnel who served on the ground (as opposed to those located at sea in the Persian Gulf or who only flew over the area) in the Kuwaiti theater of operations (KTO). The survey sample was designed to meet the concurrent objectives of providing (1) an overall estimate of pesticide exposure across all services, (2) individual estimates by service, and (3) estimates for various situations or “pesticide scenarios.” It achieved this by drawing a diverse sample from across all the services and by oversampling various subgroups. In all, 3,264 records were sampled from 536,790 eligible records, evenly divided across the Army, the Air Force, and the Marine Corps combined with the Navy. Allowing for failure to locate some respondents, nonresponse by others, and errors in the original data (such as misclassifying some personnel as present in theater when they were not), the initial sample of 3,264 records was expected to yield 2,000 complete responses. The survey actually obtained 2,005 complete responses.


THE SAMPLING FRAME

The sampling frame was designed to be an enumeration of military personnel located on the ground in-theater between August 1, 1990, and July 31, 1991. Information from the Personnel and Monthly databases, acquired in October 1998 from USASCURR, augmented with unit location indicators derived from the Locations database by OSAGWI, was assembled to create the sampling frame. It consists of all Army and Marine Corps personnel located in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Bahrain; all Air Force personnel located in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Oman (hereafter referred to as “in theater”); Navy personnel in units that could be identified as being ashore in theater; and all Coast Guard personnel. Thus, the sampling frame consists of the U.S. Armed Services Center for Unit Records Research

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Pesticide Use during the Gulf War: A Survey of Gulf War Veterans
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • Figures ix
  • Table xi
  • Summary xv
  • Acknowledgments xxvii
  • Acronyms xxix
  • A Note on Trade Names xxxi
  • Chapter One - Introduction 1
  • Chapter Two - Survey and Sample Description 7
  • Chapter Three - Survey Results 19
  • Chapter Four - Living Conditions and Variations in Pesticide Use 43
  • Chapter Five - Potential Misuse or Overuse of Pesticides 57
  • Appendix A - Main Survey Instrument 69
  • Appendix B - Definition of the Sampling Frame and Sample 75
  • Appendix C - Analytic Methods 95
  • Appendix D - Evaluating Recall Bias 107
  • References 117
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